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For some kids, bullying may not leave lasting mental scars

(Reuters Health) - Children who are bullied during their pre-teen years may experience mental health issues like anxiety and depression, but a study of twins suggests that some victims may not experience lasting psychological problems.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Authors: Taylor BE, Chekaluk E, Bennett J Abstract OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic stress disorder is common among North Korean refugees who have fled their country for economic, financial and humanitarian reasons. Co-morbid depression and anxiety are also common among North Korean refugees, due to the difficulties they have faced within their country and during their escape journey. Depression and anxiety complicate treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder, and lead to poorer outcomes. Thus, the aim of the present study was to provide a meta-analysis of studies investigating post-traumatic stress disorder, depressio...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The study enrolled patients who were admitted for pain treatment, and the sampling group was small. However, this is the first study to investigate the effects of the awareness of cancer diagnosis on pain and its management. PMID: 29039150 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Agri Dergisi - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Agri Source Type: research
Conditions:   Substance Use Disorders;   Depression;   Anxiety;   Emotional Disorder;   Suicidal Ideation;   Suicidal and Self-injurious Behavior Interventions:   Behavioral: Unified Protocol (UP);   Other: Treatment as Usual (TAU) Sponsor:   Massachusetts General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study, 22 participants ate a gluten-free diet low in FODMAPs (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) for a three-day baseline period, and then received one of three dietary challenges (supplemented with gluten, whey, or placebo) for three days, followed by a three-day minimum washout period before starting the next diet. Researchers assessed the participants at the end of the study using a psychological tool called the Spielberger State-Trait Personality Inventory (STPI). People in the study who consumed gluten had higher overall STPI depression scores compare...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Alternative and Nutritional Supplements Anxiety and Panic Depression Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Research brain-gut connection celiac disease Gluten Gluten sensitivity Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that an individual's subjective experience of their cognitive difficulties following ABI are not associated with their actual objective cognitive impairment. Clinicians may benefit from considering other possible psychological factors that may play a more crucial role in a patient's appraisals of their cognitive impairments. PMID: 29036842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
Authors: de Tommaso M, Delussi M Abstract Reduced habituation of the nociceptive blink reflex (NBR) is considered a trait marker for genetic predisposition to migraine. In this open-label randomized controlled study, we aimed to test the efficacy of a biofeedback training based on learning of habituation of the NBR (NBR biofeedback) compared with pharmacological (topiramate) treatment and NBR biofeedback plus topiramate treatment in a cohort of migraine without aura patients eligible for prophylaxis. Thirty-three migraine patients were randomly assigned to three months of treatment with: 1) NBR biofeedback, 2) NBR ...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research
Publication date: 2017 Source:International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 136 Author(s): Jesse R. Schank, Markus Heilig Substance P (SP) is an 11-amino acid neuropeptide of the tachykinin family that preferentially activates the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R). First isolated 85 years ago and sequenced 40 years later, SP has been extensively studied. Early studies identified a role for SP and the NK1R in contraction of intestinal smooth muscle, central pain processing, and neurogenic inflammation. An FDA-approved NK1R antagonist, aprepitant, is used clinically for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea, as the NK1R in...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract AimBiofeedback is an established, effective and non‐invasive treatment for faecal incontinence (FI). The aim was to compare the effectiveness of four different biofeedback treatment regimes. MethodRandomised control trial of patients with FI, stratified into two groups (metropolitan and rural) and then randomised into two subgroups (groups 1 and 2 within metropolitan, groups 3 and 4 within rural) with varying face‐to‐face and telephone biofeedback components. All patients received standardised counselling and education, dietary modification and the use of anti‐diarrhoeal medications. Group 1 received 4 mon...
Source: Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsParent–child differences when rating adolescent survivors’ difficulties may be more important than previously thought. Parent report probably cannot be considered as a valid proxy of older child report on such internalized domains as anxiety, depression, or distress in the after‐care clinic. Parents’ report is also likely to be influenced by their own mood, a factor that should be corrected for when using their report.
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
We are honored to be the winner of the 2017 WEGO Health Award in the Best in Show: Podcast category for our outstanding weekly podcast, The Psych Central Show, hosted by Gabe Howard and Vincent M. Wales. We are humbled by this achievement for our podcast, which offers a candid chat on mental health and psychology topics. Congratulations to Gabe &Vincent for doing such excellent work each and every week! Each week, Gabe and Vincent tackle a different issue surrounding mental illness and mental health in society. Sometimes they have guests (and in today’s episode, they even interview me talking about the psycholo...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Policy and Advocacy podcast award wego award wego health Source Type: blogs
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