The effect of Rosa (L. Rosa canina) on the incidence of urinary tract infection in the puerperium: A randomized placebo ‐controlled trial

This study was conducted to determine the effect of R. canina fruit in preventing the incidence of UTI in women following CS. This triple‐blind randomized clinical trial was conducted in 2016 on 400 women following CS with negative U/C in Alzahra and Taleghani educational hospitals in the city of Tabriz‐Iran. Participants were assigned into two groups of 200 women using block randomization. Each group received a twice daily dose of 500 mg capsules containing R. canina or placebo from the second day after CS for 20 days. Women were assessed by U/C on the 7th–10th and 20th days following CS. UTI was significantly lower in the intervention group compared with the control in the follow‐ups conducted on the 7th–10th days (odds ratio = 0.22; confidence interval 95% [0.07, 0.67]; p = .006) and 20th day (odds ratio = 0.32; confidence interval 95% [0.14, 0.75]; p = .008). But the incidence of cystitis in the two groups was not statistically significant (p > .05). R. canina fruit capsules were able to reduce the incidence of UTI after CS. Thus, it is likely that administration of this medication can promote maternal health following CS.
Source: Phytotherapy Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Authors: Bader MS, Loeb M, Leto D, Brooks AA Abstract Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by antibiotic- resistant Gram-negative bacteria are a growing concern due to limited treatment options. Knowledge of the common uropathogens in addition to local susceptibility patterns is essential in determining appropriate empiric antibiotic therapy of UTIs. The recommended first-line empiric antibiotic therapy for acute uncomplicated bacterial cystitis in otherwise healthy adult nonpregnant females is a 5-day course of nitrofurantion, a 3-g single dose of fosfomycin tromethamine, or a 5-day course of pevmecillinam. High...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The empirical treatment in Galicia for uncomplicated cystitis produced by E. coli in women continues to be nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin. In men under 15 years of age, fosfomycin is indicated and in men older than 15 years, treatment in our environment should include culture and administer a 3rd generation oral cephalosporin empirically. Cotrimoxazole and ciprofloxacin are not recommended as empirical treatment because of their high resistance rates. PMID: 31607403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Atencion Primaria - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Aten Primaria Source Type: research
Here, we investigated omptin protease ‐mediated antimicrobial resistance among uropathogenicEscherichia coli clinical isolates. We found that clinical isolates with the highest omptin protease activity encode multiple omptin proteases, showing different substrate specificities. Our data suggest that the presence of multiple omptin family proteases in a single clinical isolate may provide a fitness advantage by expanding the range of natural antimicrobial peptides cleaved during urogenital tract colonization. AbstractBacterial colonization of the urogenital tract is limited by innate defenses, including the production of ...
Source: MicrobiologyOpen - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE: ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We propose a simple model that could provide better guidance for selection of empirical antimicrobial therapy for non-pregnant women with UAC than do generic hospital antibiogram data based on reliably extrapolating the susceptibility data of strains isolated from pregnant women with AB as representation of women with community-acquired UAC. PMID: 31328907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
Abstract Urinary tract infection (UTI) is most frequently caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). Our laboratory has been developing an experimental vaccine targeting four UPEC outer membrane receptors involved in iron acquisition - IreA, FyuA, IutA, and Hma - to elicit protection against UTI. These vaccine targets are all expressed in humans during UTI. In the murine model, high titers of antigen-specific serum IgG or bladder IgA correlate with protection against transurethral challenge with UPEC. Our aim was to measure levels of pre-existing serum antibodies to UTI vaccine antigens in our target populat...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The frequencies of urinary tract infection were similar in both groups. These individuals might have been taking non-prescribed antibiotics or failing to comply with a prescribed treatment or bacteria are of hospital origin. PMID: 31260553 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results also proved that STAT-1 plays a critical role in the regulation of UPEC invasion and infection in the uroepithelial cells, especially those pretreated with glucose. The present study suggests a possible therapeutic approach to preferentially suppress UPEC infection during UTIs in the patients with diabetes.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study also found that Proteus DNA, a genus with many uropathogenic species (Drzewiecka, 2016), was more prevalent in women with OAB compared to asymptomatic controls (Curtiss et al., 2017). IC A recent study by Abernethy et al. suggested that the microbiome may play a role in IC (Abernethy et al., 2017). In this study, 16S rRNA analysis determined the microbiome of catheterized urine from women (n = 40) with IC was not dominated by a single genus and was less likely to contain Lactobacillus compared to asymptomatic women. Abernethy et al. also showed that L. acidophilus was associated with less severe scores on the ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease in Oman as in rest of Gulf Cooperation Council where metabolic syndrome is of high prevalence. DM is a foremost risk factor for urinary tract infections (UTIs). It is also linked to more complicated infections such as emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN), emphysematous pyelitis (EP), renal/perirenal abscess, emphysematous cystitis, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, and renal papillary necrosis. The diagnosis of these cases is frequently delayed because the clinical manifestations are generic and not different from the typical triad of upper UTI, which include fev...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Abstract This retrospective study investigated predisposing factors and ultrasound features in dogs (n = 36) and cats (n = 2) with emphysematous cystitis (EC). Urinary tract infection was present in 25 patients (65.8%), impaired immune system in 10 (26.3%), bladder stones in 9 (23.7%) and neurologic bladder in 7 (18.4%). Diabetes mellitus was present in only 4 patients (10.5%). Most patients had positive urine culture (n = 35; 92.1%), with elevated concentration of Escherichia coli in 25 patients (71.4%). The most common ultrasound features were diffuse thickening of the urinary bladder (n = 15; 39.5%), polyps (n ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research
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