Cost-effectiveness of apixaban vs. current standard of care for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation

Conclusions Based on randomized trial data, apixaban is a cost-effective alternative to warfarin and aspirin, in VKA suitable and VKA unsuitable patients with AF, respectively.
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research

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AbstractThe best strategy in atrial fibrillation (AF) after  >  12 months after an acute coronary syndrome or in patients with chronic coronary syndrome without an indication for interventional revascularization remains unclear. European guidelines generally recommend therapy with oral anticoagulation (OAC) alone, whereas North American guidelines advise com bination therapy consisting of OAC plus antiplatelet therapy in some patients. We performed a meta-analysis of available trials comparing these treatment strategies. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), secondary endp...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Research on the long-term comparative effectiveness, safety, and effects on quality of life between rivaroxaban and other novel oral anticoagulants is urgently needed.
Source: American Journal of Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractDirect oral anticoagulants (DOACs), such as rivaroxaban, reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). However, it is still unclear whether the stroke reduction benefit outweighs the bleeding risk in elderly Japanese patients with NVAF. The Xarelto Post-Authorization Safety and Effectiveness Study in Japanese Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (XAPASS) was a real-world, prospective observational, post-marketing surveillance study on the safety and effectiveness of rivaroxaban in Japanese clinical practice. This sub-analysis evaluated the clinical outcomes of...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In ischemic stroke or TIA patients with platelet count within normal range, platelet count may be a qualified predictor for long-term recurrent stroke, mortality, and poor functional outcome. Introduction Platelets exert a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic complications of cardio-cerebrovascular disease, contributing to thrombus formation, and embolism (1, 2). Previous literature reported that platelets of various size and density are produced by megakaryocytes of different size and stages of maturation in different clinical conditions, suggesting various platelet patterns in differen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study details the design of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study – a postauthorization observational study, which is part of the postapproval plan for edoxaban agreed with the European Medicines Agency. Methods The ETNA-AF-Europe study (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02944019) is a multicenter, prospective, observational study that enrolled 13 980 patients with atrial fibrillation treated with edoxaban from 852 sites across 10 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerl...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Trial design Source Type: research
Conclusions. The results of this real-life study show that in unselected patients with R/R CLL the clinical activity of ibrutinib was comparable to that reported in CTs. However, a third of patients discontinued ibrutinib within 24 months from the start of treatment. An earlier introduction of ibrutinib in the treatment approach of R/R patients, a careful surveillance and management of toxicities will optimise the clinical benefits of ibrutinib in CLL patients treated in the clinical practice.DisclosuresMauro: Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Shire: Membership on...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 642. CLL: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster II Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn older adults treated with direct-acting oral anticoagulants after ischemic stroke, outcome rates varied considerably by drug and dosage.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Conclusions—In anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation and risk factors for stroke, echocardiographic findings do not seem to add to the risk of thromboembolic events.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00412984.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Arrhythmias, Echocardiography, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Conclusion: In matched adults with atrial fibrillation treated in practice, the incidences of stroke and bleeding with dabigatran versus warfarin were consistent with those seen in trials. The possible relationship between dabigatran and myocardial infarction warrants further investigation. Primary Funding Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration. PMID: 29132153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The findings from the observational studies comparing the effectiveness and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) versus vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for atrial fibrillation (AF) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) are inconsistent. We conducted separate meta-analyses examining the efficacy/effectiveness and safety of NOACs versus VKAs by disease (AF vs VTE), study design (randomized controlled trials [RCTs] vs observational studies), and NOAC (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban). METHODS: The main data sources included PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Scienc...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
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