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Rapid Risk Assessment: Public Health Risks Related to Communicable Diseases During the Hajj 2017, Saudi Arabia, 30 August-4 September 2017

European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 08/10/2017 This 13-page report assesses the potential health risks for communicable diseases and other health threats for European citizens during their stay in Saudi Arabia for the Hajj pilgrimage on August 30-September 4, 2017. The risk of communicable disease outbreaks is highest for food- and waterborne diseases and respiratory illnesses due to crowding, but the risk is not considered higher than expected for international mass gatherings. MERS-CoV activity continues to be reported in the Arabian Peninsula, and imported cases may be detected in Europe following the Hajj. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a zoonotic virus from camels causing significant mortality and morbidity in humans in the Arabian Peninsula. The epidemiology of the virus remains poorly understood, and while case-based and seroepidemiological studies have been employed extensively throughout the epidemic, viral sequence data have not been utilised to their full potential. Here we use existing MERS-CoV sequence data to explore its phylodynamics in two of its known major hosts, humans and camels. We employ structured coalescent models to show that long-term MERS-CoV evolution occurs exclusively in ...
Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Epidemiology and Global Health Genomics and Evolutionary Biology Source Type: research
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Source: MedPage Today Public Health - Category: American Health Source Type: news
Disease News Outbreak on Middle East coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Malaysia.
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been widely utilized to treat neonatal respiratory failure for two decades. However, its uptake in the case of adult respiratory failure has been slow because of a paucity of quality evidence and a sluggish tempo of ECLS-related technological advances. In recent years, interest in ECLS has been piqued after encouraging results were reported from its use during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. In a world constantly under threat from another influenza epidemic or deadly novel respiratory infection, e.g., the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) virus, the Middle East respiratory sy...
Source: ASAIO Journal - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2017 Source:Antiviral Research Author(s): Min-Han Lin, David C. Moses, Chih-Hua Hsieh, Shu-Chun Cheng, Yau-Hung Chen, Chiao-Yin Sun, Chi-Yuan Chou Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) emerged in southern China in late 2002 and caused a global outbreak with a fatality rate around 10% in 2003. Ten years later, a second highly pathogenic human CoV, MERS-CoV, emerged in the Middle East and has spread to other countries in Europe, North Africa, North America and Asia. As of November 2017, MERS-CoV had infected at least 2102 people with a fatality rate of about ...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Abstract Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) emerged in southern China in late 2002 and caused a global outbreak with a fatality rate around 10% in 2003. Ten years later, a second highly pathogenic human CoV, MERS-CoV, emerged in the Middle East and has spread to other countries in Europe, North Africa, North America and Asia. As of November 2017, MERS-CoV had infected at least 2102 people with a fatality rate of about 35% globally, and hence there is an urgent need to identify antiviral drugs that are active against MERS-CoV. Here we show that a clinically available alcohol-aversive drug, dis...
Source: Antiviral Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Antiviral Res Source Type: research
On 11 December 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection. Detailed information concerning the case reported, a 39-year-old male residing in Hemma Region, Oman can be found in a separate document (see link below). The case is currently asymptomatic, is in home isolation in Oman, and is being monitored for the development of symptoms. 


Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been widely utilized to treat neonatal respiratory failure for two decades. However, its uptake in the case of adult respiratory failure has been slow because of a paucity of quality evidence and a sluggish tempo of ECLS-related technological advances. In recent years, interest in ECLS has been piqued after encouraging results were reported from its use during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. In a world constantly under threat from another influenza epidemic or deadly novel respiratory infection, e.g., the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) virus, the Middle East respiratory sy...
Source: ASAIO Journal - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Disease outbreak news for MERS-CoV in Saudi Arabia
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Conclusion: The adoption of CERC principles can help restore and maintain the credibility of responding agencies. Further work is needed to develop more rigorous and comprehensive research strategies that address sharing of information by mainstream as well as social media for a more accurate assessment of the impact of the ERC strategy.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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