Rapid Risk Assessment: Public Health Risks Related to Communicable Diseases During the Hajj 2017, Saudi Arabia, 30 August-4 September 2017
European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 08/10/2017 This 13-page report assesses the potential health risks for communicable diseases and other health threats for European citizens during their stay in Saudi Arabia for the Hajj pilgrimage on August 30-September 4, 2017. The risk of communicable disease outbreaks is highest for food- and waterborne diseases and respiratory illnesses due to crowding, but the risk is not considered higher than expected for international mass gatherings. MERS-CoV activity continues to be reported in the Arabian Peninsula, and imported cases may be detected in Europe following the Hajj. (PDF)
Conclusions This hospital outbreak demonstrated the difficulties in diagnosing pneumonia in patients with renal and cardiac failure, which leads to delayed suspicion of MERS-CoV and hence delay in applying the proper infection control procedures. In MERS-CoV endemic countries there is an urgent need for developing rapid point-of-care testing that would assist emergency department staff in triaging suspected cases of MERS-CoV to ensure timely isolation and management of their primary illness and prevent major MERS-CoV outbreaks.
ConclusionPVP-I 7% gargle/mouthwash showed rapid bactericidal activity and virucidal efficacy in vitro at a concentration of 0.23% PVP-I and may provide a protective oropharyngeal hygiene measure for individuals at high risk of exposure to oral and respiratory pathogens.FundingMundipharma Research GmbH&Co. KG (MRG).
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the acute treatment of MERS-CoV infections in quarantine had a significant impact on the patients' mental health. Furthermore, assessment of the risk factors for depression may identify vulnerable patients who require psychiatric care and attention during hospital quarantine. PMID: 29593206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions Although a considerable number of HCP experienced MERS-related symptoms or unprotected exposure during MERS patient care, some did not take appropriate action. These findings imply that for infection control strategy to be properly performed, education should be strengthened so that HCP can accurately recognize the risk situation and properly notify the infection control officer.
Disease news outbreak for MERS_CoV in Oman.
Conclusions It is necessary to examine the difficulties and demands of healthcare providers for establishing a safe healthcare system to respond effectively when national disasters occur. In addition, it is necessary to develop strategies to protect healthcare providers from severe physical and psychological stress.
CONCLUSION: As for MERS Co-V infections, underlying comorbidities impacted the clinical outcomes of OC43 infections. PMID: 29402475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Between 9 December 2017 and 17 January 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 20 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including eight deaths. In addition, one death from a previously reported case was reported to WHO.
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a zoonotic virus from camels causing significant mortality and morbidity in humans in the Arabian Peninsula. The epidemiology of the virus remains poorly understood, and while case-based and seroepidemiological studies have been employed extensively throughout the epidemic, viral sequence data have not been utilised to their full potential. Here we use existing MERS-CoV sequence data to explore its phylodynamics in two of its known major hosts, humans and camels. We employ structured coalescent models to show that long-term MERS-CoV evolution occurs exclusively in ...
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