Effects of Aqueous Extracts of Palm Fruits (Elaeis guineensis) on Liver Function Indices of Male Wistar Albino Rats

This study investigated the effects of aqueous extracts of palm fruits on liver function indices of male Wistar albino rats with the view of understanding the hepatotoxic potentials of the extracts. Materials and Methods: Acute toxicity study was carried out with 18 male Wistar albino mice. Liver function indices were evaluated using 45 male Wistar albino rats and by following standard analytical protocols. The rats were divided into 5 groups with group 1 having 5 rats only and group 2-5 had 10 rats each. Group 1 rats were the normal control that received 2 mL kg–1 b.wt., of normal saline. Five rats each from group 2-5 received 100, 200, 400 and 600 mg kg–1 b.wt., of the fresh and fermented aqueous extracts of palm fruits, respectively for 28 days. Data was analyzed by one way ANOVA using SPSS. Results: The aqueous extracts were relatively safe as no death or adverse reactions were observed in the mice in 24 h after administration. There were significant (p0.05) when compared to the normal control. However, groups 4 and 5 that received higher doses of the fresh extract showed significant (p
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Perceived devaluation was extremely prevalent among street-involved youth in our sample. We also observed that youth most in need of health and social services were significantly more likely to report high levels of perceived devaluation which may result in a reluctance to seek out key services and supports. These findings highlight the need to implement stigma reduction interventions for vulnerable youth in this setting. PMID: 30526206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusion/importance: This work is significant in expanding the populations thought to be impacted by and understanding social disparities related to SC use. Further investigation is needed to assess the relationship between concomitant use of SC and other drug, particularly opiates. This may suggest that the sequelae of one drug may enhance or alleviate the effects of the other. PMID: 30526203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
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