Federal Response to the Opioid Crisis

U.S. Senate, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. 10/05/2017 This three-hour, eight-minute Congressional hearing discusses how well the federal government has responded to the mounting public health crisis of the opioid epidemic. Speakers discuss the opioid crisis'two primary issues: the significant rise in opioid analgesic prescriptions that began in the mid-to-late 1990s; and a lack of health system and healthcare provider capacity to identify and engage individuals, and provide them with high-quality, evidence-based opioid addiction treatment, in particular the full spectrum of medication-assisted treatment (MAT). (Video or Multimedia)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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Attorneys for Murdaugh have said the "vast majority" of misappropriated funds were used to buy opioids, part of a multipronged case that...
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Troy Johnston swears he wanted to play by the rules. Johnston, who owns the Texas-based vaping company VaporSalon, tried to follow the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) guidelines for selling e-cigarette products, which required all manufacturers to file paperwork known as premarket tobacco product applications (PMTAs) by Sept. 9, 2020. In these applications, companies were tasked with proving that their products were, on balance, good for U.S. public health—namely by giving adult smokers a less-dangerous alternative than traditional cigarettes. As required, Johnston filed applications for all 47,000 ni...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthscienceclimate Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: We conclude that the placing of unnecessary and unscientific restraints on the treatment of patients with OUD is inconsistent with the principles of harm reduction, and such restraints should be removed unless/until they can be supported by real evidence.PMID:34520034 | DOI:10.5055/jom.2021.0650
Source: Journal of Opioid Management - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
For the last 15 years, there’s been a caveat tacked on to any discussion of e-cigarettes’ public health impact. Though millions of people in the U.S. use them regularly, the devices have never been authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). That could change next week, as the multi-billion-dollar vaping industry nears its judgement day. The FDA is supposed to decide by Sept. 9 whether and how e-cigarette companies—including market-leader Juul Labs—may keep selling their products in the U.S. The long-awaited decisions promise to spark controversy no matter which way they go. [time-bri...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: The findings indicate that people with OUD experience difficulties participating in social activities and these difficulties are associated with suicidal ideation. It may be important to address difficulties participating in social activities within the context of OUD treatment, potentially as it relates to suicide prevention. This is the first study utilizing 10 years of nationally representative data to assess difficulties participating in social activities, OUD, and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Difficulties participating in social activities represent an under-addressed...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Alan David Smith International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this study is to highlight the overshadowing of the opioid crisis due to Covid-19 pandemic. Opioids are affecting increasing numbers as the current opioid overdose death rate is increasing to 209 per day. While there appears light shining on the end of the Covid-19 pandemic with the advent of a fourth vaccine, there is no such light for the opioid epidemic. Based on a sample of 603 relatively educated adults in NE Ohio, the health harm caused by both crises, prescribing physi...
Source: International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Funding Opportunity RFA-NS-22-016 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance in the prescription of opioids for chronic pain despite their poor ability to improve function and high addiction liability. This contributed to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addictions. Innovative scientific solutions to develop alternative pain treatment options are thus critically needed. Through targeted research e...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
CONCLUSIONS: A coordinated response involving the child welfare, addictions treatment, and other allied systems is warranted to support families with substance abuse concerns and provide appropriate services.PMID:34418861 | DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105261
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction: At present, the COVID-19 pandemic remains the most pressing global health issue. Given the significant amount of public awareness, the infection rate and rehabilitation efforts are governed not only by the compliance of transmission mitigation strategies but also by the understanding of coexisting diseases and COVID-19 in patients with chronic infectious diseases. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the differences in demographics, as well as awareness, risk perception, and emotional reactions, among imprisoned drug addicts with and without tuberculosis (TB) regarding their perceptions of and feelings...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Bull Math Biol. 2021 Aug 17;83(10):97. doi: 10.1007/s11538-021-00925-0.ABSTRACTOpioid addiction represents a major national health issue spanning decades. In recent years, prescription opioid use disorder has increasingly led to heroin and fentanyl use, with subsequent increases in mortality rates due to overdose. In this paper, we present a mechanistic, epidemic model for prescription opioid addiction and illicit heroin or fentanyl addiction which aims to better understand and predict the dynamics between these two stages of opioid use disorder. Our model aims to be both parsimonious and robust: as a system of five differ...
Source: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Source Type: research
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