The Issues of Freedom and Happiness in Moral Bioenhancement: Continuing the Debate With a Reply to Harris Wiseman
AbstractDuring the previous years, Harris Wiseman has devoted substantial attention to my stance on voluntary moral bioenhancement. He argued that he has been influenced by that position, but nonetheless criticized it. I haven ’t replied to his criticisms yet and wish to do so now. One of the reasons is to avoid my position being misrepresented. By replying to Wiseman’s criticisms, I also wish to clarify those issues in my standpoint that might have given rise to some of the misinterpretations. With the same purpose i n mind, I will demarcate my concept of voluntary moral bioenhancement from related standpoints, in particular from Persson and Savulescu’s notion of compulsory moral bioenhancement that, as I argued, diminishes our freedom (of the will). Furthermore, I will consider the possibility of adding anoth er essential element to my position—one that I have not discussed in my earlier publications. It is designed to propose a novel explanation of why humans would be motivated to opt for voluntary moral bioenhancement if its outcome is not a lowering of the likelihood of “Ultimate Harm” (as defin ed by Persson and Savulescu) or a milder form of self-destruction of humanity. This explanation will be based on the conception that an increase in happiness, rather than Ultimate Harm prevention, might be the grounding rationale for moral bioenhancement.
Abstract ObjectivesTo evaluate how oral and general health‐risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. MethodsThe study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School‐based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self‐reported questionnaire. Pairwise correlations between the health‐risk behaviours were performed, and clustering was assessed by the hierarc...
Authors: PMID: 29166204 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Yue JK, Winkler EA, Sharma S, Vassar MJ, Ratcliff JJ, Korley FK, Seabury SA, Ferguson AR, Lingsma HF, Meeuws S, Adeoye OM, Rick JW, Robinson CK, Duarte SM, Yuh EL, Mukherjee P, Dikmen SS, McAllister TW, Diaz-Arrastia R, Valadka AB, Gordon WA, Okonkwo DO, Manley GT, , Hansen Deng Predictors of mTBI admission, referral and outcome, , and the TRACK-TBI Investigators Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical management and medical follow-up of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) presenting to emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: Overall, 168 adult patients with mTBI from the prospective...
CONCLUSIONS: Accordingly, we demonstrate the potential of mammalian hair follicles serving as an additional source for biomarker discovery and for diagnosing mTBI with high accessibility. PMID: 29157017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Mercier E, Tardif PA, Cameron PA, Émond M, Moore L, Mitra B, Ouellet MC, Frenette J, de Guise E, Le Sage N Abstract BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to determine the prognostic value of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) to predict post-concussion symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Seven databases were searched for studies evaluating the association between NSE levels and post-concussion symptoms assessed ≥ 3 months (persistent) or ≥ 7 days
CONCLUSION: Pre-injury psychosocial and demographic factors may be more important than injury severity for predicting some long-term functional outcomes post-TBI. It would likely be beneficial to assess these factors in the inpatient setting, with input from a multidisciplinary team, as an early understanding of prognostic indicators can help guide treatment for optimal functional outcomes. PMID: 29157000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Ibañez Pérez De La Blanca MA, Fernández Mondéjar E, Gómez Jimènez FJ, Alonso Morales JM, Lombardo MDQ, Viso Rodriguez JL Abstract PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for intracerebral lesion (ICL) in older adults with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and evaluate the influence of comorbidities on outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Information was gathered on clinical history/examination, cranial computed tomography, admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, analytical and coagulation findings, and mortalit...
CONCLUSIONS: rmTBI produces acute cognitive and anxiety-like disturbances associated with inflammatory changes in brain regions involved in spatial memory and anxiety. PMID: 29156991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Young patients reported psychological problems in several areas during the chronic phase of injury, which may hinder complete reintegration and participation in society. Larger functional improvement during sub-acute rehabilitation seemed to be associated with less psychological problems in the chronic phase. PMID: 29156990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Faugeras F, Rohaut B, Valente M, Sitt J, Demeret S, Bolgert F, Weiss N, Grinea A, Marois C, Quirins M, Demertzi A, Raimondo F, Galanaud D, Habert MO, Engemann D, Puybasset L, Naccache L Abstract BACKGROUND: The prognosis value of early clinical diagnosis of consciousness impairment is documented by an extremely limited number of studies, whereas it may convey important information to guide medical decisions. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at determining if patients diagnosed at an early stage (