Morally-Relevant Similarities and Differences Between Assisted Dying Practices in Paradigm and Non-Paradigm Circumstances: Could They Inform Regulatory Decisions?

AbstractThere has been contentious debate over the years about whether there are morally relevant similarities and differences between the three practices of continuous deep sedation until death, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary euthanasia. Surprisingly little academic attention has been paid to a comparison of the uses of these practices in the two types of circumstances in which they are typically performed. Acomparative domains of ethics analysis methodological approach is used in the paper to compare 1) the use of the three practices in paradigm circumstances, and 2) the use of the practices in paradigm circumstances to their use in non-paradigm circumstances. The analytical outcomes suggest that a bright moral line cannot be demonstrated between any two of the practices in paradigm circumstances, and that there are significant, morally-relevant distinctions between their use in paradigm and non-paradigm circumstances. A thought experiment is employed to illustrate how these outcomes could possibly inform the decisions of hypothetical deliberators who are engaged in the collaborative development of assisted dying regulatory frameworks.
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Related Links:

(MedPage Today) -- Randomized trial shows clear effect, but too few boys to tell whether they also benefitted
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news
Kate Spade New York announced the pledge to suicide prevention groups just two weeks after its founder's June 5 death by suicide.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: GMA Source Type: news
Almost every American will, at some point or another, face a mental health challenge. It may be related to depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, substance abuse or maybe something more circumstantial like grief over a loss or trouble adjusting to a life change. The CDC reports 43.4 million adults suffered from some sort of behavioral health issue in 2015 alone.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
WEDNESDAY, June 20, 2018 -- Survivors of an opioid overdose may consider themselves lucky, but they remain at heightened risk of dying -- not just from drugs, but from a host of medical problems or suicide, a new study finds. Compared with the...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Limited access and fragmentation of mental health care for children and adolescents have been longstanding and well-articulated issues for decades. Increasing suicide rates, especially in the younger age groups, violence in schools, and substance use issues have all been highlighted as particular concerns. Despite receiving much attention of various types, including recommendations by professional organizations, excellent initiatives for screening, as well as collaborative programs with primary care and schools, the number of youths presenting in psychiatric crisis to emergency services continues to increase.
Source: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research
Conclusion: We developed isogenic hSSTr2-expressing ESCs that allow noninvasive cell monitoring in the context of PSC-derived regenerative therapy. Furthermore, we are the first to use the hSSTr2 not only as an imaging reporter gene, but also as a suicide mechanism for radionuclide therapy in the setting of PSC-derived cell treatment.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study examines the relationship between MI and suicide risk and the moderating effect of religiosity on this relationship in V/ADM with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 570 V/ADM from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms. Multidimensional measures assessed MI, religiosity, PTSD symptoms, anxiety, and depression. In this secondary data analysis, a suicide risk index was created based on 10 known risk factors. Associations between MI and the suicide risk i...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
International concern about youth suicide has led to a growing consensus that schools are a potentially important location for suicide prevention efforts. The present study investigated the experiences and perceptions of teachers regarding a role in youth ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Alcohol use and suicide-related thoughts and behaviors are common in psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and each problem can exacerbate the other. Despite knowledge about the functional relationship between alcohol use and suicide-related thoughts an...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
A female in her late teens purposely ingested alcohol fuel containing methanol to commit suicide, which she admitted on social media. She was found in distress by her parents and died at the hospital some hours later. Autopsy revealed swelling of the brain...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
More News: Academia | Depression | Medical Ethics | Suicide