Biomedical Big Data: New Models of Control Over Access, Use and Governance
AbstractEmpirical evidence suggests that while people hold the capacity to control their data in high regard, they increasingly experience a loss of control over their data in the online world. The capacity to exert control over the generation and flow of personal information is a fundamental premise to important values such as autonomy, privacy, and trust. In healthcare and clinical research this capacity is generally achieved indirectly, by agreeing to specific conditions of informational exposure. Such conditions can be openly stated in informed consent documents or be implicit in the norms of confidentiality that govern the relationships of patients and healthcare professionals. However, with medicine becoming a data-intense enterprise, informed consent and medical confidentiality, as mechanisms of control, are put under pressure. In this paper we explore emerging models of informational control in data-intense healthcare and clinical research, which can compensate for the limitations of currently available instruments. More specifically, we discuss three approaches that hold promise in increasing individual control: the emergence of data portability rights as means to control data access, new mechanisms of informed consent as tools to control data use, and finally, new participatory governance schemes that allow individuals to control their data through direct involvement in data governance. We conclude by suggesting that, despite the impression that biomedical big data ...
This study aimed to compare effects of an alternating inflatable head pad and a gel pad on occurrence of postoperative pressure ulcers and AA in patients undergoing open heart surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a prospective study. We allocated randomly 120 patients undergoing surgery (3-7 h) in the Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital affiliated to Qingdao University, China from January to October 2015 to the control (gel head pad) or the experimental (alternating inflatable head pad) group (n=60 per group). The incidence and severity of occipital pressure ulcer were graded by the classification system of the European Pressure...
CONCLUSIONS In selected patients, left-sided retroperitoneal sarcoma associated with local organ involvement can be surgically managed using an anterior approach with en bloc resection of adjacent organs. PMID: 29449525 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Zarei F, Soleimaninejad M Abstract Wound healing is a biological complex process that involves several cell types under the control and regulation of several growth factors and cytokines. There have been efforts to study the therapeutic effects of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-β, vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor on chronic wounds. In addition, the effects of biomaterials such as nano-fibrous chitin and chitosan have been proven to be effective on wound healing. Furthermore, stem cell the...
Authors: Ramez SA, Soliman MM, Fadel M, Nour El-Deen F, Nasr M, Youness ER, Aboel-Fadl DM Abstract Psoriasis is a commonly encountered chronic dermatological disease, presenting with inflammatory symptoms in patients. Systemic treatment of psoriasis is associated with several adverse effects, therefore the development of a customized topical treatment modality for psoriasis would be an interesting alternative to systemic delivery. The therapeutic modality explored in this article was the comparative treatment of psoriatic patients using nanoparticulated methotrexate in the form of jojoba oil-based microemulsion wit...
In conclusion, TGF-β3-encapsulating core-shell electrospun scaffolds with a PLCL/collagen proportion of 75:25 could be used to optimize engineering process of tracheal patches. PMID: 29448837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
PMID: 29451162 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 29451161 [PubMed - in process]
Wogonin Inhibits Growth of Mantle Cell Lymphoma Cells through Nuclear Factor-κB Signaling Pathway. Chin Med J (Engl). 2018 Feb 20;131(4):495-497 Authors: Xu PP, Zuo HQ, Zhou RF, Chen B, Ouyang J PMID: 29451160 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 29451159 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 29451158 [PubMed - in process]
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