Prevalence and genetic diversity of Trichomonas vaginalis in the general population of Granada and co-infections with Gardnerella vaginalis and Candida species.

CONCLUSION: These findings emphasize the need for the routine application of diagnostic procedures to avoid the spread of this sexually transmitted infection. PMID: 28972465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research

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Conclusions There is a high unmet need for STI care in rural South African settings with poor access to health care services. Provision of STI services in a mobile clinic using the syndromic management approach provides a useful approach, but would have to be enhanced by targeted diagnostics to successfully address the burden of infection.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: The Real World of STD Prevention Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Sexually transmitted diseases may occur more frequently in sexually active asymptomatic renal transplant recipients than in nontransplanted individuals. Real-time multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis may be a suitable method for determining these pathogens. PMID: 29619908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
Abstract ObjectiveTo assess the effectiveness of the WHO syndromic algorithm in the management of vaginal discharge among women of reproductive age in Dakar. MethodsCross‐sectional study of consecutive female patients (aged 18‐49 years) presenting with vaginal symptoms at six selected study sites in Dakar; of these, 276 patients were included in the analysis. Vaginal and cervical swab samples were collected and analysed to establish an aetiological diagnosis of any infection. Syndrome‐based diagnosis was compared with the laboratory results to evaluate its accuracy based on sensitivity, specificity and positive and n...
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the risk of bacterial vaginosis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans infection among new users of either a combined oral contraceptive pill (COC) or the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). METHODS: This prospective observational study included 430 women, without active vaginitis at inclusion, who were divided into two groups according to their chosen method of contraception: COC group (n = 236) and LNG-IUS group (n = 194). Participants were examined for bacterial vaginosis, T. vaginalis and C. albicans infection init...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research
Conclusions Provision of menstrual cups and sanitary pads for ~1 school-year was associated with a lower STI risk, and cups with a lower bacterial vaginosis risk, but there was no association with school dropout. A large-scale trial on menstrual cups is warranted. Trial registration ISRCTN17486946; Results
Source: BMJ Open - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Open access, Global health, Public health, Sexual health, Obgyn Research Source Type: research
This study purports to test our a priori hypotheses that STIs are associated with genotypes pertaining to the α-group species 9. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV), Trichomonas vaginalis, and Candida spp in FSW, the association between these STIs and the prevalence of any potential HR and HR HPV genotypes in FSWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design of 616 FSW from Western Kenya aged between 18 and 61 years during 2009-2015 using a peer recruitment sampling strategy. Inclusion criteria for the study entailed female sex and>18 years of age and having engaged in tran...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
Conclusions There is a high prevalence of adolescent schoolgirls with RTI in rural Kenya. Public efforts are required to identify and treat infections among girls to reduce longer-term sequelae but poor reliability of symptom reporting minimises utility of symptom-based diagnosis in this population. Trial registration number ISRCTN17486946.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Drugs: infectious diseases, Reproductive medicine, Ophthalmology, Dermatology, Chlamydia, Vulvovaginal disorders Clinical Source Type: research
Conclusions The over-treatment and inaccurate diagnosis of pathogens due to subjective judgment based on syndromic approach in symptomatic women is a large economic wastage and may also contribute towards increased resistance. The misdiagnosed patients will also serve as a reservoir for transmission of pathogens to their sexual partner.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Objectives Studies examining cervicitis aetiology and prevalence lack comparability due to varying criteria for cervicitis. We aimed to outline cervicitis associations and suggest a best case definition. Methods A cross-sectional study of 558 women at three sexually transmitted infection clinics in Sydney, Australia, 2006–2010, examined pathogen and behavioural associations of cervicitis using three cervicitis definitions: ‘microscopy’ (>30 pmnl/hpf (polymorphonuclear leucocytes per high-powered field on cervical Gram stain)), ‘cervical discharge’ (yellow and/or mucopurulent cervical ...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiologic studies, Drugs: infectious diseases, Contraception, Drugs: obstetrics and gynaecology, Reproductive medicine, Ophthalmology, Condoms, Chlamydia, Vulvovaginal disorders, Clinical diagnostic tests, Health education, Smoking Source Type: research
Vaginal infections, a cause of serious morbidity A Cochrane review concludes that asymptomatic screening for lower genital tract infection could prevent preterm birth (relative risk 0.55, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.75).1 Only one trial of moderate quality was suitable for inclusion.2 Three other trials were excluded on the basis that they were not true screening trials (the trials enrolled symptomatic as well as asymptomatic participants). The intervention of screening for vaginal Candida, Trichomonas vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis with a Gram stain at 15–20 gestational weeks in this Austrian study was considered to be cost...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical trials (epidemiology), Epidemiologic studies, Drugs: infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, Vaccination / immunisation, Pregnancy, Screening (oncology), HIV / AIDS, HIV infections, Other viral STIs, Vulvovaginal disorders, Surgical diagnostic tests, Clin Source Type: research
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