Immune cell's role in intestinal movement may lead to better understanding of irritable bowel syndrome

Learning the role of immune-system cells in healthy digestive tracts and how they interact with neighboring nerve cells may lead to new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome, researchers say. The muscular lining of the intestine contains a distinct kind of macrophage, an immune system cell that helps fight infections. The role of these cells in normal colon function is not known, although they have been linked to inflammation after abdominal surgery.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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(Natural News) Many people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) often rely on doctor-prescribed drugs like laxatives, which often cause other harmful side effects. Among other natural and safe ways to manage IBS, researchers also suggest talking therapy. Researchers at the University of Southampton in the U.K., together with colleagues at King’s College London, found that talking...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is currently not enough evidence to assess whether biofeedback interventions are effective for controlling symptoms of IBS. Given the positive results reported in small trials to date, biofeedback deserves further study in people with IBS. Future research should include active control groups that use high provider-participant interaction, in an attempt to balance non-specific effects of interventions between groups, and report both commonly used outcome measures (e.g. IBS-SSS) and historical outcome measures (e.g. the composite primary symptom reduction (CPSR) score) to allow for meta-analysis with previ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
We examined the association between DII score and odds ...
Source: Nutrition Journal - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Kamyar Khoshnevisan, Elham Honarvarfard, Farzad Torabi, Hassan Maleki, Hadi Baharifar, Farnoush Faridbod, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Reza KhorramizadehAbstractSerotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter which plays a significant role in various functions in the body, such as appetite, emotions, and autonomic functions. It is well known that biomarker 5-HT levels can be correlated to several diseases and disorders such as depression, anxiety, irritable bowel, and sleep trouble. Among various methods for detecti...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Wilder-Smith CH, Drewes AM, Materna A, Olesen SS Abstract Objectives: Mast cell involvement is evident in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). FGID and mast cell activation syndrome (MCAS) are associated with multi-organ symptoms. An overlap has not been assessed.Methods: MCAS symptoms were determined by questionnaires in 2083 FGID patients.Results: The median number of MCAS symptoms ([IQR] (range 0-16)) was 6 [4-8] in all FGID, and in functional dyspepsia (FD) patients, 7 [5-9] in overlapping irritable bowel syndrome and FD (IBS+FD), 5 [3-8] in IBS and 5 [3-6] in non-IBS/non-FD (p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
AbstractIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder characterized by abdominal pain and alterations in stool form and/or frequency, leading to reduced quality of life. Pharmacologic agents currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D) in adults are the nonsystemic antibiotic rifaximin, the mixed µ- and κ-opioid receptor agonist/δ-opioid antagonist eluxadoline, and the selective serotonin 5-HT3 antagonist alosetron (the last of which is indicated only in women with severe IBS-D refractory to conventional therapy). Both eluxadoline and...
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewGluten is a commonly ingested polymeric protein found in wheat, barley, and rye that has gained recent notoriety because of its relationship to disease and health. Avoidance of gluten is appropriate in patients with a diagnosed gluten –related disorder and may have treatment implications in other diseases of the digestive tract. This review highlights current knowledge of gluten related disorders and the use of a gluten-free diet in gastrointestinal disease management.Recent FindingsGluten-free diets should be used in patients with a diagnosed gluten –related disorder including celiac d...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsLow or very low certainty evidence indicated that there was no difference between CGEC and WCM in the treatment of IBS-D. The combination of CGEC and WCM has a better therapeutic effect than WCM alone in the treatment of IBS-D. Future large sample, multi-center and high-quality RCTs should be rigorously designed and implemented to evaluate the clinical effects and safety of CGEC for IBS-D.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, and erratic bowel habits. A diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) can reduce symptoms of IBS, possibly by reducing microbial fermentation products. We investigated whether ingestion of FODMAPs can induce IBS-like visceral hypersensitivity mediated by fermentation products of intestinal microbes in mice.
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
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