Philanthropists Join Forces to Fund Africa ’s Cash-Strapped Health Sector

Tristate Heart and Vascular Centre in Nigeria. Credit: Tristate Heart and Vascular CentreBy Pavithra Rao, Africa Renewal*NEW YORK, Sep 28 2017 (IPS)In the 2017 World Happiness Report by Gallup, African countries score poorly. Of the 150 countries on the list, the Central African Republic, Tanzania and Burundi rank as the unhappiest countries in the world. Some of the factors driving unhappiness are the poor state of the continent’s health care systems, the persistence of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, and the growth of lifestyle diseases such as hypertension, heart disease and diabetes.Few African countries make significant investments in the health sector—the median cost of health care in sub-Saharan Africa is $109 per person per year, according to Gallup. Some countries, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Madagascar and Niger, spend just half of that per person annually.In 2010, only 23 countries were spending more than $44 per capita on health care, according to the World Health Organization. These countries got funding from several sources, including government, donors, employers, non-governmental organisations and households. Private investment is now critical to meet the considerable shortfall in public-sector investment, say experts.While many international organisations, such as UNICEF and the International Committee of the Red Cross, continue to support Africa’s health care system, private entities and individuals are also increasi...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Featured Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

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We describe procedures for documenting exposures to monkeypox virus infection in study participants, and outline lessons learned that may be of relevance for studies of other investigational countermeasures in hard to reach, under-resourced populations.
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we constructed the H7N9 influenza subunit vaccine candidate HA1-2-FliCΔD2D3, with reduced immunogenicity against FliC and lower adverse events. The improved adjuvant FliCΔD2D3 can potentially help in developing safe and effective universal protein-based influenza vaccines for humans.
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): M.L. Tomazic, A.E. Rodriguez, J. Lombardelli, T. Poklepovich, C. Garro, R. Galarza, K. Tiranti, M. Florin-Christensen, L. SchnittgerAbstractThe apicomplexan protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum is an important causative agent of diarrhea of neonatal bovines. Vaccination has been proposed as an advantageous strategy against cryptosporidiosis of calves since besides protection against disease it has also the potential to prevent dissemination of the infective oocysts into the environment. Antigens anchored to the parasite surface via gly...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2018Source: Veterinary Immunology and ImmunopathologyAuthor(s): Sara Prims, Ben Jurgens, Charlotte Vanden Hole, Steven Van Cruchten, Chris Van Ginneken, Christophe CasteleynAbstractSelection for prolificacy in modern pig farming has resulted in increasing litter sizes. Since rearing large litters is challenging, artificial rearing of piglets with a milk replacer is an alternative strategy. It is hypothesized that the development of the piglets’ mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues (MALT) is affected by these artificial conditions. Therefore, the stereologically estimated v...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study was to evaluate the effects of anatomical sites for vaccination on the immune responses. In experiment A, rats were subcutaneously (s.c.) immunized with a quintuplet vaccine twice at houhai acupoint, underjaw, popliteal fossa or back with a two weeks interval. The serum specific antibody levels were determined 2, 4 and 6 weeks after second immunization. Splenocytes were separated for detection of lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine mRNA expression. In experiment B, 10 female Rottweiler puppies at their age of 34 ± 2 days were subcutaneously injected with a bivalent vaccine Nobivac® Puppy DP ...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2018Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Nicola Falcionelli, Paolo Sernani, Albert Brugués, Dagmawi Neway Mekuria, Davide Calvaresi, Michael Schumacher, Aldo Franco Dragoni, Stefano BromuriAbstractPersonal Health Systems (PHS) are mobile solutions tailored to monitoring patients affected by chronic non communicable diseases. In general, a patient affected by a chronic disease can generate large amounts of events: for example, in Type 1 Diabetic patients generate several glucose events per day, ranging from at least 6 events per day (under normal monitor...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS For better regulation of glycemia and reduction of clinical inertia with type 2 diabetes patients, more specialized training is needed for selected physicians. Strengthening of primary healthcare and encouraging doctors to perform procedures can contribute to better outcomes of treatment, lower clinical inertia, and better education of patients. PMID: 30421728 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Nanoencapsulated probucol-ursodeoxycholic acid resulted in significant levels of insulin in the blood, lower levels of secondary bile acids in liver and lower levels of primary bile acids in brain, while ratio of secondary to primary bile acids remains similar among all groups, except in the faeces. Findings suggests that nanoencapsulated probucol-ursodeoxycholic acid may exert a protective effect on pancreatic β-cells and reserve systemic insulin load via modulation of bile acid concentrations in the liver and brain. PMID: 30422681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
Despite initial hope, fluoxetine failed to improve outcomes in children with acute flaccid myelitis and in some cases was linked to a worsening of the disorder, which can cause permanent paralysis in children.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
HIGH BLOOD pressure is often dubbed ‘the silent killer’ because many people don’t realise they have it until it leads to life-threatening health problems. Here are four symptoms and signs your blood pressure may be too high.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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