A qualitative study showing women's participation and empowerment in instrumental vaginal births.

CONCLUSION: This study shows how cooperation and empowerment of the woman are two key factors in order for the women to have a positive experience of their instrumental vaginal births. The study also shows that empowerment is created when the woman is actively engaged and participates in the birth process which gives her the feeling of being part of the team, creating an environment based on mutual understanding. PMID: 28943318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

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Abstract The early neonatal period accounts for approximately half of the deaths of young children under one year of age, and the neonatal near miss can recognize factors causing this high number of deaths. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine whether advanced maternal age increases the chance of neonatal near miss, in addition is to identify which factors are associated with the neonatal near miss, stratified by parity. Data are from the 2011-2012 Birth in Brazil study, which used a national population-based sample of 15,092 newborns of women between 20-29 and 35 years of age or more (advanced maternal age...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
ConclusionPhysically active women who lift heavy weights for exercise do not have an increased prevalence of POP symptoms. Advice on the contribution of heavy weight lifting as part of a physical activity regime to the pathophysiology of POP requires further investigation.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Yang C, Chen X, Zu S, He F Abstract The current study was designed to investigate the perinatal risk factors for low 1-min Apgar scores in term neonates. We retrospectively analyzed the maternal and neonatal clinical data of 10,550 infants who were born through vaginal delivery from 37 weeks 0 days to 41 weeks 6 days of single gestation from January 2013 to July 2018. Because the 1-min Apgar score reflects neonatal status at birth, we analyzed the risk factors for low (score
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research - Category: Research Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsPFM function and UI prevalence at 6  weeks postpartum are not significantly affected by epidural analgesia.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
AbstractIntroduction and hypothesisVaginal childbirth is associated with pelvic floor muscle (PFM) damage in a third of women. The biomechanics prediction, detection and management of PFM damage remain poorly understood. We sought in this pilot study to determine whether quantifying PFM stiffness postnatally by vaginal elastometry, in women attending a perineal trauma clinic (PTC) within 6  months of obstetric anal sphincter injury, correlates with their antecedent labour characteristics, pelvic floor muscle damage, or urinary/bowel/sexual symptoms, to inform future definitive prospective studies.MethodsIn this pilot ...
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Trial of labor after cesarean delivery in women with a previous failed vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery appears to be associated with an acceptable success rate. These data should improve patient counseling and provide reassurance for those who wish to deliver vaginally after a previous failed vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery. PMID: 31764735 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
This study investigated the in vitro transdermal delivery of magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP) through porcine ear skin treated with hyaluronic acid (HA) microneedles (MNs). In this study, the micro-molding method was used to fabricate HA MNs. HA solution (10% w/v) containing 3% of MAP was placed onto a poly(dimethyl siloxane) mold to fill the microchannels under vacuum followed by drying in a desiccator. Scanning electron microscopy was performed to record the dimensions of the MNs. Skin microporation was demonstrated by dye binding. Histological skin sections revealed the shape of microchannels under hematoxylin-eosin s...
Source: Biomedical Microdevices - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Biomed Microdevices Source Type: research
Operative Vaginal Birth (OVB) refers to the birth of a baby where the operator assists the delivery using either a forceps or vacuum device. The obstetrician in training needs to develop expertise in both vacuum and forceps for non-rotational delivery and at least one technique for rotational delivery. The aim of a successful operative vaginal birth is to expedite delivery of the baby with a minimum of maternal or neonatal morbidity.The alternatives to operative vaginal birth are expectant management or caesarean section.
Source: Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Case-based learning Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of this study is the generation of descriptive data on the mode of delivery and on maternal and foetal complications in the case of foetal macrosomia. The causes and consequences of foetal macrosomia as well as the rate of shoulder dystocia are examined in relation to the severity of the macrosomia. Patients The study investigated all singleton births ≥ 37 + 0 weeks of pregnancy with a birth weight ≥ 4000 g at the Charité University Medicine Berlin (Campus Mitte 2001 - 2017, Campus Virchow Klinikum 2014 - 2017). Results 2277 consecutive newborns (birth w...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
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