Risk Factors for Helicobacter pylori Infection and Endoscopic Reflux Esophagitis in Healthy Young Japanese Volunteers.

Conclusion This study describes the risk factors for H. pylori infection and reflux esophagitis in healthy young Japanese subjects. The prevalence of reflux esophagitis was relatively high, and the infection rate of H. pylori was low compared with the aged Japanese population. PMID: 28943553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Aquatic ToxicologyAuthor(s): Christine Dépatie, Magali Houde, Jonathan VerreaultAbstractLipids play important roles in growth, reproduction, locomotion, and migration of fish. Municipal effluents, which are complex mixtures of biological and chemical compounds including flame retardants, have been shown to alter lipid metabletabolism in environmentally and experimentally exposed fish. Down-regulation of several genes coding for fatty acid metabolism enzymes has previously been reported in male northern pike (Esox lucius) collected in the St. Lawrence River (Q...
Source: Aquatic Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ying Lau, Daniel Guang Hui Chee, Xue Ping Chow, Ling Jie Cheng, Suei Nee WongAbstractGiven that many existing electronic health (eHealth) interventions with a general approach have limited effects, a personalised approach is necessary. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of personalised eHealth interventions in reducing body weight and identify the effective key features of such interventions. We searched seven databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) from inception until September 6, 2018. Of the 26,733 records identified, ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Steven M. Dean, Elizabeth Valenti, Karen Hock, Julie Leffler, Amy Compston, William T. AbrahamAbstractBackgroundLower extremity lymphedema is frequently encountered in the vascular clinic. Established dogma purports that cancer is the most common cause of lower extremity lymphedema in Western countries, whereas chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is often overlooked as a potential cause. Moreover, lymphedema is typically ascribed to a single cause, yet multiple causes can coexist.MethodsA 3-year re...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): Rinaldo Pellicano
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionCongenital piriform sinus fistula is an important cause of deep neck abscess in children. The presence of purulent gas-liquid equilibrium or air shadow in cervical-enhanced computed tomography or ultrasound suggests a high possibility of the presence of an internal fistula, and endoscopic low temperature ablation can be done at the same time as the diagnostic endoscopy.ResumoIntroduçãoA fístula congênita do seio piriforme é uma doença relativamente rara na prática clínica; a maioria se manifesta na infância; entretanto, os médicos geralmente t&ec...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn conclusion, we identified a genetic regulator of spontaneous lipolysis, and provide evidence for HIF3A as a novel key regulator of lipolysis in subcutaneous adipoctyes as the mechanism through which the locus is influencing adipose tissue biology.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 124Author(s): Daniel Ejim Uti, Item Justin Atangwho, Eyong Ubana Eyong, Grace Ufedo Umoru, Godwin Eneji Egbung, Victor Udo Nna, Precious A. UdeozorAbstractAimsAfrican walnuts were previously shown to modulate hepatic lipid bio-accumulation in obesity. Herein, we investigated the impact of the nuts on fat accumulation in adipose and ectopic regions, and associated oxidatiive stress status in obese rats.Materials and methodsWhole ethanol extract (WE) of the nuts, and its liquid-liquid fractions-ethyl acetate (ET) and residue (RES) were separately ad...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: March–April 2020Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 25, Issue 2Author(s): Ramaiah Vinay Kumar, Suman BhaskerAbstractObesity has become epidemic both in developed and developing countries. Socio-economic (SE) development has resulted in increased prevalence of obesity across all social groups in developing countries that is contrary to the effects of rising SE status on prevalence of obesity in the developed world. Obesity is not only associated with metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, diabetes but is also a risk factor for cancer and is responsible for increased c...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: When evacuation is being considered, great care must be taken when any regulatory actions are initiated based on radiation limits. It is necessary to consider total impact and optimize the actions to limit radiation exposure while minimizing the social, economic, and health impacts. Optimization can help ensure that the protective measures result in more good than harm. It seems clear that organizations who recommend radiation protection guidelines need to revisit the past and current guides in light of the significant Fukushima experience. PMID: 31977266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): A-Yoon Kim, Jae-Hyuk Shim, Hyung Jin Choi, Hyeon-Man BaekAbstractThe morphological changes of the brain, particularly in the integrity of white and gray matter and the cortical thickness of brain, have been investigated extensively in obese patients. While there has been a growing amount of evidence indicating that subcortical structures are associated with obesity, studies on the volume of subregional level including shape alterations using high-field MRI are very sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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