Most alternative therapies for treating autism show, at best, inconclusive benefits
Dr. Shafali Jeste knows well the desperation of a parent seeking a cure for their child with autism spectrum disorder. As a clinician who both researches the causes of the disorder and treats children with autism, Jeste, UCLA associate professor of psychiatry, neurology and pediatrics and a lead investigator in the UCLA Center for Autism Research and Treatment, understands why many parents will try anything that sounds reasonable. A change to a gluten- and casein-free diet to reduce symptoms. Mega-vitamins for the same. Medical marijuana to calm. Melatonin to sleep. Omega-3 fatty acids for hyperactivity. Delaying or refusing vaccinations. All done, usually, in addition to the standard medications that are prescribed to children on the spectrum, including Ritalin, Adderall or Risperdal.Autism spectrum disorder affects an estimated one in 68 children in the United States. It ’s a “spectrum” because symptoms range from a child with signifcant intellectual disabilities, including problems with speech, attention, memory and/or repetitive behaviors, to those who have average or above-average intelligence, but who struggle with social skills.“The short answer is there simply isn’t enough solid scientific evidence to say definitely one way or the other whether most of the alternative treatments help or harm,”Jeste said.The following is a summary of some of the most popular therapies for which evidence is inconclusive:MelatoninSleep disorders are co...
ConclusionExposure to chlorpyrifos can alter the locomotion and produce physiological changes in a dose and muscle type related manner.
This study shows that simultaneous dietary exposure to nanomaterials and traditional environmental pollutants might result in effects that are larger than observed for the substances alone, but that understanding the mechanistic basis of such effects remains challenging.
Conclusions: Increases in ICU bed supply were associated with inconsistent changes in the probability of ICU admission that varied across patient subgroups.
Conclusion: SUD is an important source of YLL and productivity loss among adults aged 20–64. Such a high burden on society justifies prioritizing health policies and interventions toward preventing SUD.
The goal of universal coverage depends on moderating health care costs, which will require overcoming the unjustified variation and inflationary rise in the prices of care, including drug prices. To gain insight into these challenges — and opportunities — it may be instructive to look at pharmaceutical assessment and pricing in Germany. Germany’s health insurance system shares many characteristics with that of the United States, yet the country has lower drug prices, as well as prices that are more directly linked to clinical benefit.
ConclusionPerforming laparoscopic cholecystectomy with reusable instruments can significantly decrease costs and does not increase operative time or postoperative complications.
This investigation highlights the potential for acquiring infections with highly antibiotic-resistant organisms not commonly found in the United States when receiving health care abroad.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
The new legislation requires all children attending school or daycare to receive vaccinations
Untreated sleep-disordered breathing and the sleep disruption it causes is associated with epigenetic age acceleration, especially in women.Medscape Medical News
New York, where measles has spread in ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities, joins California and a handful of other states in revoking religious exemptions.
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