What Causes Microcephaly?

Patient Presentation A 5-month-old male came to clinic for his health supervision visit and followup from his neonatal intensive care stay. He was born prematurely at 28 weeks gestation and his stay was complicated by a right sided Grade III intraventricular hemorrhage, a left-sided Grade IV intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal seizures, respiratory distress and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, acute kidney injury that had resolved, possible necrotizing enterocolitis incidents x 2, and herpes simplex encephalitis. He was on home oxygen, a nasogastric feeding tube because of aspiration risk and multiple medications. He was taken care of by his mother, maternal grandmother and home nursing. He was to start home physical therapy, and had multiple followup appointments for specialty care already arranged. The pertinent physical exam showed a small infant with a nasal canula and feeding tube in place. Weight (= 4.116 kg) and height (=54 cm) were at the 3th percentile and tracking. Head circumference was
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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