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Could some ADHD be a type of sleep disorder? That would fundamentally change how we treat it.

Over the past two decades, U.S. parents and teachers have reported epidemic levels of children with trouble focusing, impulsive behavior and so much energy that they are bouncing off walls. Educators, policymakers and scientists have referred to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, as a national crisis and have spent billions of dollars looking into its cause. They've looked at genetics, brain development, exposure to […]Related:Hospital staffers took photos of a patient’s genitals — and the foreign object lodged thereSelena Gomez’s kidney transplant: Young, minority women disproportionately affected by lupusTo fight deadly hepatitis outbreak, San Diego begins power-washing streets with bleach
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Abuelkasem E, Tanaka KA, Planinsic RM Abstract Liver transplantation is an ever-evolving field and understanding coagulation management and hemostatic therapies is essential for good outcomes. In this review, we discuss current monitoring tools available in the operating room and the hemostatic agents available to control hemostasis. Multifactorial coagulation defects are discussed and point-of care monitoring is reviewed to guide selection of hemostatic agents when indicated. PMID: 29444563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Stress and anxiety lead to attention loss and sleep deprivation and may reduce driving performance, increasing the risk of motor vehicle collision. We used evidence from a natural experiment to examine whether daily changes in economic uncertainty, potenti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Greetings, I’m a sophomore majoring in Biochemistry and Mathematical Sciences at my state school in New York. I am hispanic and first-gen, I migrated to the US at a very early age because of health complications. These health complications called for frequent visits to the hospital, and with it an increasing interest in the biomedical sciences. Unfortunately at the age of 5, I was diagnosed as hyperactive and was suggested to repeat the grade because I wasn’t mature enough to continue. My... ADHD and Pre-Med?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: forums
CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the importance of variables related to sleep quality and unusual sleep experiences and dissociation in understanding hallucinations, and the importance of taking these variables into consideration in designing intervention directed at reducing distress caused by hallucinations. PMID: 29447543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Xu K, Liu LM, Farazi PA, Wang H, Rochling FA, Watanabe-Galloway S, Zhang JJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Globally, of the 248 million people chronically infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV), 74 million reside in China. Five oral nucleot(s)ide analogs (NUCs) have been approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine rates of adherence to NUC therapy in patients with CHB, to identify the self-perceived barriers to adherence, and to examine the factors associated with adherence. METHODS: Questionnaire-based interviews were administered...
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
Conclusions: The clinically acceptable accuracy has no universal definition, so clinicians must use experience and reasoning to determine this level to interpret this data. The review suggests that some variables are entered with high accuracy, and the diary is low cost and adds subjective information that cannot be gathered from actigraphy. Therefore, use is recommended to continue alongside actigraphy. PMID: 29445542 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
In this study we investigated subjective measures of sleepiness and related our findings to dimensions of affect, fatigue, emotion, mood and quality of life based on a hypothetical multidimensional model of sleepiness. Methods: Patients referred to a sleep clinic were assessed regarding their excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), sleep complaints, routine and symptoms. Age, gender and body mass index (BMI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Stanford Sleepiness Scale (SSS), the Samn-Perelli fatigue Scale (SPS), the Global Vigor and Affect Scale (GVS and GAS, respectively), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Pengo MF, Czaban M, Berry MP, Nirmalan P, Brown R, Birdseye A, Woroszyl A, Chapman J, Kent BD, Hart N, Rossi GP, Steier J Abstract Background: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the best available treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), requires long-term compliance to be effective. Behavioral interventions may be used to improve adherence to CPAP. We aimed to investigate whether positive or negative message framing impacts on CPAP compliance in patients with OSA, when compared to standard care. Methods: Consenting patients with confirmed OSA were randomly allocated to receive along with ...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Conclusions: The SiNQ-5 scores in neuromuscular patients with SDB who are established on treatment and NMD patients without SDB, as well as in patients with other conditions leading to SDB are similar. PMID: 29445539 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Conclusions: Bariatric patients who are screened pre-operatively for OSA and treated according to guidelines have no increased risk of respiratory complications compared to patients without OSA. PMID: 29445538 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
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