Pills prescribed for alcoholism might not work, study finds

Review of five drugs – including one linked to deaths – says there is no body of reliable evidence behind any of themThere is no magic pill to cure alcoholism, according to a scientific review of the evidence of five drugs being prescribed by doctors.None of the five drugs has a body of reliable evidence behind it, say the scientists, even though one of the drugs, nalmefene, has been approved for use in the NHS by Nice, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Another, baclofen, has generated huge excitement, especially in France, but has been linked to deaths.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Alcoholism Health Society NHS Drugs Pharmaceuticals industry Business Science UK news Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Body mass index and population density were inversely associated with pulmonary tuberculosis relapses in Cali. On the contrary, alcohol consumption increased the likelihood of tuberculosis relapses. PMID: 32463612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
Fatal Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome in an alcoholic diabetic patient from México. Biomedica. 2020 May 01;40(Supl. 1):32-36 Authors: Rodríguez-Pérez EG, Arce-Mendoza AY, Saldívar-Palacios R, Escandón-Vargas K Abstract Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome is a medical emergency that requires a high level of suspicion. Immunocompromised patients are at high risk of hyperinfection syndrome; however, malnutrition, alcoholism, and diabetes mellitus also need to be considered as predisposing factors. The diagnosis and treatment of Strongyloid...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
Introduction For patients who drink excess alcohol, their alcohol history in admission clerking isn't always assessed properly resulting in under-estimation of their health risk related to alcohol intake. Methodology This piece of work was undert...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
This study aim...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce alcohol use typically include several elements, such as information on the risks of alcohol consumption, planning for sensible drinking, and training of protective behavioral strategies. However, the effectiveness of the...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Conclusions: The results obtained in this study support a potential association between alcohol consumption and violent deaths in the city of Sao Paulo, mainly in traffic accidents victims. PMID: 32460601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusions: Results of the study suggest that students start experimenting with high-risk substance use in early grades and to combat the prevalence, we suggest the importance of educating adolescents of the dangers of drug use in early grades. PMID: 32460582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusions: Once adolescents' baseline and concurrent substance use were incorporated into the model, there was no statistical significance of the indirect effects. Results provided a stronger examination of the factors related to long-term substance use among adolescents. Knowing that temptation coping and baseline substance use levels were significant predictors of time 2 substance use independent of interpersonal consequences and motivation to change provides a structural frame and highlights need for early intervention. PMID: 32460576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Implementing UBC-HG was associated with decreased firearm homicides among African Americans—the population most at risk. Expanding UBC-HG may be an effective approach to reducing racial disparities in firearm homicides. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Epidemiological, level III.
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
BACKGROUND Considerable variation in firearm legislation exists. Prior studies show an association between stronger state laws and fewer firearm deaths. We hypothesized that firearms would flow from states with weaker laws to states with stronger laws based on proximity and population. METHODS Crime gun trace data from 2015 to 2017 was accessed from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives and compared with the count and composition of firearm legislation in 2015 among the contiguous 48 states. Additional independent variables included population, median household income, distance, and presence or absen...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: AAST 2019 PODIUM Source Type: research
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