Health Education by Peers with Spinal Cord Injury: a Scoping Review

AbstractPeople with spinal cord injury (SCI) have greater health challenges than the general population. Health implications can arise from direct spinal nerve damage, secondary conditions, and the increased likelihood of a sedentary lifestyle. Health education is an important aspect of SCI rehabilitation. Peer education is used in both general health education campaigns and those aimed at people with defined illnesses and disabilities. Peers have a unique understanding of the target population, and are a valued contributor to SCI rehabilitation. This scoping review explored the existing evidence about the various types and content of health education programs involving peers, aimed at adults with SCI. The eight studies identified are described using three themes; timing and focus; role of peer educators; and outcomes. Half of these studies included peer education as one component of a broader program, but despite differing approaches all reported positive participant outcomes. Peer education appears to be a promising approach to assist people with SCI to learn about and manage their health, and positively influence their self-efficacy. Further research that isolates the role of the peer educators in programs would be beneficial to determine the unique benefits of this form of health education.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Authors: Li S, Ou Y, Li C, Wei W, Lei L, Zhang Q Abstract Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) has a high rate of disability and mortality. Although secondary SCI results in local tissue hypoxia and the release of inflammatory mediators, it is both controllable and reversible. Therefore, timely rehabilitation treatment is beneficial for the partial recovery of patients with SCI. The present study aimed to investigate the use of methylprednisolone combined with high-frequency electrotherapy as a method of rehabilitation treatment in rats with SCI. The rat SCI model was prepared using the modified Allen's method with the a...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Conclusions: Having a validated powered mobility simulator for children provides a viable option for an additional practice mode. The MiWe-C simulator is affordable and a user-friendly simulator that can be used anywhere including at home and in school. Children can be independent when practicing even if they are not yet proficient drivers since continual adult assistance is not needed.Implications for rehabilitationHaving a validated powered mobility simulator for children provides a viable option for an additional practice mode.The MiWe-C is now validated to be used with children 5-18 years with physical disabilities.The...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Axon regeneration failure causes neurological deficits and long-term disability after spinal cord injury (SCI). Here, we found that the α2δ2 subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels negatively regulates axon growth and regeneration of corticospinal neurons, the cells that originate the corticospinal tract. Increased α2δ2 expression in corticospinal neurons contributed to loss of corticospinal regrowth ability during postnatal development and after SCI. In contrast, α2δ2 pharmacological blockade through gabapentin administration promoted corticospinal structural plasticity and regenerati...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine digital health Healthcare technology digital technology Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Based on WHO recommendations "Rehabilitation in health systems", this study provides suggestions on how to strengthen rehabilitation services in Mongolia to better respond to the needs of the SCI population. Our findings highlight that a core issue is the lack of awareness among policymakers regarding rehabilitation and its benefits at the micro, meso and macro levels of the health system. Actions are needed at the level of health policies to ensure, for instance, adequate financing and access to the services. Also, synergies between the Ministries of Education and Health can improve the training of ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Spinal cord injury is a global problem. It is a devastating life altering condition that is associated with permanent disability and reduced life expectancy. Road traffic accident has been described in global literature as the commonest aetiology and secon...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Surgical Research - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
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