Research provides clues to treat depression, autism and other neuropsychiatric disorders

(Florida Atlantic University) Alterations in a naturally occurring chemical in the brain called serotonin have been linked to a number of neuropsychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety and autism. A team of researchers is revealing critical insights into the mechanisms that can drive diminished serotonin signaling during development and in adulthood to provide new ways of treating several widespread neuropsychiatric disorders associated with perturbed serotonin signaling.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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When we hear the word tantrum, we picture a 2-year-old lying on the floor kicking and screaming. Very rarely do we use it to describe an adult having an outburst. In reality, adults can have this kind of outburst at any moment in time. We don’t typically refer to an adult as having a tantrum. We refer to them as being angry or “just blowing off some steam.” However, when their behavior becomes cyclical, predictive, or problematic the impact of their behavior should be assessed and addressed. Tantrums typically follow an action made by another person that results in the recipient feeling angry, disappoint...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Agitation Anger Communication Violence and Aggression Anger Management Emotional Dysregulation Rage Tantrums Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Within this pilot study, written disclosure appeared beneficial to caregiver psychophysiological stress. However, due to the provision of substantial participant adherence support, we refrain from suggesting feasibility. Nonetheless, improvement of mental health pathology in parents of children with ASD is both significant and timely.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
One in sixty-eight children are affected by autism spectrum disorders (ASD). ASD is a neurological developmental disability that can negatively impact the person's communication, social interactions, and is manifested by repetitive behaviors (Baker&Jeste, 2015; National Autism Association, 2014). Over three-quarters of children with ASD have some sort of developmental disorders such as language disorders and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (Levy et al., 2010), in addition to co-morbid psychiatric disorders such as anxiety disorders, bipolar disorders, and oppositional defiant disorders (Close, Lee, Kaufman...
Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe effects of brief mindfulness induction on a central trait of autism spectrum disorder (over-selective attention) were examined in order to assess whether different mechanisms act in those with lower and higher levels of autism traits, and determine which intervention may be most appropriate for individuals with different sets of symptoms. Two hundred and 24volunteer participants (110 male; 114 female) were assessed for levels of autism traits (autism quotient; AQ), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales), and mindful awareness (Toronto Mindfulness Scale). They were randomly assigned to m...
Source: Mindfulness - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Abstract Given the high rates of comorbid anxiety and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the adolescent and young adult population, effective treatment protocols to address anxiety symptoms are of importance to help promote greater independence across settings. While research supports the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) across younger age groups with ASD, the literature is limited on interventions benefitting adolescents and young adults with comorbid anxiety disorders and ASD. Therefore, this open trial utilized a modified CBT manual for seven participants between the ages of 16 and 20 years, consis...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:Pharmacology & Therapeutics Author(s): Samata R. Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I. Tarazi Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary f...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions Our results raise concerns regarding generic terminologies of “antipsychotics” and “antidepressants” since the conventional indication-based nomenclature does not fit well with the official indication. [...] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Pharmacopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research
In recent years, information and communication technologies (ICTs) such as the internet and smartphones have played a unique role in the treatment and management of mental health problems.Innovative technology-based programs have demonstrated utility and promise in the care of patients suffering from autism spectrum disorder (Grynszpan et al., 2014), depression and anxiety (Andrews et al., 2010; Christensen et al., 2004; Griffiths et al., 2010), post-traumatic stress disorder (Sijbrandij et al., 2016),psychotic spectrum disorder (Brunette et al., 2016; Khazaal et al., 2015; Killikelly et al., 2017), stress management (Wins...
Source: Psychiatry Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2018 Source:Pharmacology & Therapeutics Author(s): Samata R. Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I. Tarazi Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary f...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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