Modified use of real-time PCR detection of group B Streptococcus in pregnancy.
Modified use of real-time PCR detection of group B Streptococcus in pregnancy. J Med Microbiol. 2017 Sep 18;: Authors: Rabaan AA, Saunar JV, Bazzi AM, Soriano JL Abstract The CDC recommends antenatal screening of vaginal/rectal samples for Streptococcus agalactiae at 35-37 weeks' gestation, with intra-partum antibiotic prophylaxis for positive cases. We tested a modified use of the Cepheid Xpert GBS real-time PCR kit on enrichment cultures from 554 vaginal/rectal swabs compared to the current subculturing gold standard method. Swabs were inoculated on polymyxin nalidixic acid agar plates, and Todd-Hewitt enrichment broth cultures were examined daily for growth. Todd-Hewitt broth culture was also used for Xpert GBS. There was 92.06 % agreement between the subculture and PCR methods. Sensitivity of Xpert GBS was 100 %, specificity was 89.40 %, positive predictive value was 75.96 % and negative predictive value was 100 %. Colonization incidence was higher with younger (≤24 years) or older (≥35 years) maternal age. Modified use of the Cepheid Xpert GBS would assist rapid diagnosis of S. agalactiae colonization and facilitate timely and appropriate assignment to intra-partum antibiotic prophylaxis. PMID: 28920845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, we identified specific Lactobacillus strains able to interfere with GBS viability by multiple strategies and we elucidated some of the mechanisms of action. These strains could serve as probiotic formulations for the prevention of GBS vaginal colonization.
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of neonatal sepsis and an important cause of maternal disease in many countries; however, no accurate population-based epidemiological data on GBS is yet available in mainland China. In this systematic literature review, we obtained published data regarding the maternal GBS colonization rate, incidence of invasive GBS disease in infants, clinical screening, and the associated GBS typing and clinical outcomes in China. The maternal GBS colonization rate in mainland China ranged from 3.7 to 14.52%, and the incidence of invasive GBS disease in infants was 0.55 –1.79 per 100...
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major opportunistic pathogen in certain adult populations, including pregnant women, and remains a leading etiologic agent of newborn disease. During pregnancy, GBS asymptomatically colonizes the vaginal tract of 20-30% of healthy women, but can be transmitted to the neonate in utero or during birth resulting in neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis, and subsequently 10-15% mortality regardless of antibiotic treatment. While various GBS virulence factors have been implicated in vaginal colonization and invasive disease, the regulation of many of these factors remains unclear. Recently, CRI...
Bethany Ford, of Mitcham in south west London, passed group B streptococcus to her son Grayson during birth. The infection is carried by one in four women, according to estimates.
CONCLUSION: Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria were found in 29.1% of PPROM patients. Administration of erythromycin alone was insufficient to control these bacteria in 67.7% of patients with positive cultures. PMID: 31402340 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of early-onset disease (EOD) and late-onset disease (LOD) in infants. We sought to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility profiles, resistance genes, virulence-re...
Nature, Published online: 31 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1451-5The human placenta does not have a microbiota, suggesting that bacterial infection of the placenta is not a common cause of adverse pregnancy outcome, but group B Streptococcus is found in approximately 5% of placental samples.
Conclusion Lower bioactive vitamin D levels are related to PIH in HIV-infected women. This association may be related to the coexistence of abnormal placental vitamin D metabolism and abnormal placental implantation. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Conclusion Alternative antibiotic use for GBS prophylaxis is frequent with penicillin/cephalosporin allergies. Efforts to confirm allergy and perform penicillin hypersensitivity testing may increase compliance with guidelines for antibiotic administration. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | open access Full text