Medical News Today: MDS symptoms: What are the signs of pre-leukemia?

MDS, or myelodysplastic syndrome, refers to a group of blood cancers. In this article, learn about the symptoms and complications of this disease.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Lymphoma / Leukemia / Myeloma Source Type: news

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Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study proposed a pilot study of a new tool for a reliable and accurate stratification of patients with acute leukemia based on an integrative model of leukemia behavior, cell characterization, and clinical features, in addition, to an evaluation of intra-tumor and inter-tumor heterogeneity. Together our approach allows us to introduce an integrative quantitative approach to use zebrafish and tumor characterization as a prediction tool for the behavior of acute leukemia in young adults. Materials and Methods Animal Care and Handling Zebrafish wild-type (A/B and TAB5) adults were raised and maintained according to st...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, 96.5% of patients with hematologic malignancies have adequate tissue for comprehensive genomic profiling. Most patients had unique molecular signatures, and 75% had alterations that may be pharmacologically tractable with gene- or immune-targeted agents.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study analyzes patient and hospital characteristics of patients undergoing BMT, in addition the study describes resource utilization and outcomes of BMT among various hematological cancers.Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of the National Inpatient Sample 2014 Database (HCUP-NIS). Patients were included in the study if they had a procedure diagnosis of BMT and a medical diagnosis of acute or chronic leukemia (ALL, AML, CLL, CML), lymphoma (HL and NHL), MM, MDS or HLH. HSCT or BMT includes both Allogeneic and Autologous Stem Cell Transplant however we did not differentiate one from the other since B...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 902. Health Services Research-Malignant Diseases: Poster III Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results suggest divergent validity of ESMO-MCBS and ASCO-VF when assessing hematologic malignancies, indicating that these frameworks likely measure different constructs of clinical benefit in this setting. Furthermore, the ASCO-VF demonstrated improved inter-rater reliability compared to ESMO-MCBS. It remains unclear which framework is correctly assessing the clinical benefit of hematologic drugs. To better understand if one framework is more accurate in its evaluation, future research that compares these frameworks to other established measures of clinical benefit (such as quality adjusted life years) in t...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 902. Health Services Research-Malignant Diseases: Poster III Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Timely goals of care (GOC) discussions improve end-of-life (EOL) care for patients with solid malignancies. Although timely GOC discussions might also improve EOL care for patients with blood cancers, data are sparse regarding such discussions for this population. We studied the impact of timing and location of GOC discussions on quality of EOL care for a cohort of patients who died of blood cancers.METHODS: We assembled a retrospective cohort of blood cancer decedents from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA. We included patients diagnosed with a blood cancer, who had ≥ 2 outpatient visits at the stu...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 902. Health Services Research-Malignant Diseases: Quality Of Life Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study provides evidence that: 1) the cumulative incidence of ST is about 1% person-year of follow up in SMF patients; 2) JAK inhibitors given during ET/PV or SMF phase are neutral for ST development within the limit of current follow up; 3) developing SMF in patients with PV or ET does not imply a higher risk of ST. These findings highlight the need of studies aimed at identifying patients at higher risk of ST occurrence.DisclosuresRambaldi: Roche: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Italfarmaco: Consultancy; Omeros: Consultancy; Amgen Inc.: Consultancy; Pfizer: Consultancy. Komrokji...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 634. Myeloproliferative Syndromes: Clinical: Poster II Source Type: research
There is no standard therapy for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) refractory to hypomethylating agents (HMA) and the median overall survival (OS) of HMA-refractory MDS patients with IPSS Intermediate-2/High-risk MDS is ~6 months. Here, we present data from a phase 2 clinical trial of selinexor, an oral, first-in-class Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) compound that inhibits XPO1, in patients with MDS refractory to HMAs. XPO1 is the major nuclear export protein responsible for shuttling many key cellular regulators out of the nucleus and is overexpressed in many cancers. Preclinical studies of seline...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 637. Myelodysplastic Syndromes-Clinical Studies: Novel Therapeutics I Source Type: research
[Introduction] Sarcopenia is characterized by age-related decline of skeletal muscle plus low muscle strength and/or physical performance. Previous studies have confirmed the association of sarcopenia and adverse health outcomes, such as falls, disability, hospital admission, long term care placement, poorer quality of life, and mortality, which denotes the importance of sarcopenia in the health care for older people. Population-based studies reported that the prevalence of sarcopenia in Japanese healthy adults aged≥60 years was 8.5% among men and 8.0% among women. Sarcopenia was recently identified as a poor prognostic...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions: Poster III Source Type: research
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of 2nd hematological malignancies post to the initial cancer treatment.METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to analyze the available clinical data of 116 patients diagnosed with 2nd hematologic malignancies after treatment of various malignant tumors from June 1998 to June 2018 at Sun Yat-sen University cancer center.RESULTS: The characteristics of the 116 patients diagnosed with 2nd hematological cancer post to initial cancer treatment were indicated as following: 62 males and 54 females. The primary tumor category was grouped as (according to ICD-10 International Di...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions Source Type: research
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