Secondary prevention treatment after acute stroke in older South Asian, Chinese and other Canadians: a retrospective data analysis.

Secondary prevention treatment after acute stroke in older South Asian, Chinese and other Canadians: a retrospective data analysis. CMAJ Open. 2017 Sep 11;5(3):E702-E709 Authors: Khan NA, McAlister FA, Pilote L, Palepu A, Quan H, Hill MD, Fang J, Kapral MK Abstract BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether there are differences in medication use between older patients of Chinese descent, those of South Asian descent and other Canadian patients after acute ischemic or primary intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke. The aim of this population-based study was to evaluate potential ethnic differences in secondary prevention pharmacotherapy after acute stroke. METHODS: Using health administrative data, we conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients aged 66 years or more admitted to hospital with acute stroke in Ontario (1997-2011) and British Columbia (1997-2009). We compared prescriptions filled for statins, warfarin, any antihypertensive agent, the recommended combination of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and diuretic, and the combination of ACE inhibitor, diuretic and statin within 1 year after ischemic or primary intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke. RESULTS: There were 118 362 patients with acute stroke (3430 Chinese, 2075 South Asian and 112 857 other Canadians). Among those with ischemic stroke (n = 108 699), Chinese patients were less likely than other Canadian patients to fill prescriptions for the combination of ACE inhibitor, ...
Source: cmaj - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CMAJ Open Source Type: research

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This study investigated the effects of statin in AF patients who experienced acute ischemic stroke.MethodsData from patients with AF experiencing first-ever ischemic stroke between 2001 and 2010 were collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database and categorized into non-statin and statin groups. The statin group was further divided into pre-stroke statin (those who began statin therapy before stroke) and post-stroke statin (those who began statin therapy after stroke) groups. The risks for recurrent ischemic stroke, coronary artery disease (CAD), intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), and 1-year mortality w...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewAs one of the fastest growing portions of the population, nonagenarians will constitute a significant percentage of the stroke patient population in the near future. Nonagenarians are nevertheless not specifically targeted by most clinical guidelines. In this review, we aimed to summarise the available evidence guiding stroke prevention and treatment in this age group.Recent findingsSeveral recent observational studies have shown that the benefits of anticoagulation for the oldest old patients with atrial fibrillation may outweigh the bleeding risk. A sub-analysis of the IST-3 trial has shown for t...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Ahmed Mohamed Elhfnawy1*, Peter U. Heuschmann2, Mirko Pham3†, Jens Volkmann1† and Felix Fluri1,4 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 2Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Department of Neurology, Kantonssptial St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland Background and Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS)≥70% is a leading cause of ischemic cerebrovascular event...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveGiven the high post-stroke mortality and disability and paucity of data on the quality of stroke care in Sub-Saharan Africa, we sought to characterize the implementation of stroke-focused treatments and 90-day outcomes of neuroimaging-confirmed stroke patients at the largest referral hospital in Tanzania.DesignProspective cohort study.SettingMuhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in Dar es Salaam, July 2016 –March 2017.ParticipantsAdults with new-onset stroke (
Source: International Journal for Quality in Health Care - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
In conclusion, treatment with BB is not associated with 3‐month poor outcome in hypertensive patients.
Source: The Journal of Clinical Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL PAPER Source Type: research
Predictors of functional outcome and hemorrhagic complications in acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis - A retrospective analysis
. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2017 Oct 26;: Authors: Zhao Q, Shan W, Liu L, Fu X, Liu P, Hu Y Abstract Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) within 4.5 hours is an effective and routine therapy for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The purpose of the study was to identify predictors of functional outcome at 3 months and hemorrhagic complications after IVT. A total of 123 AIS patients treated...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Oral anticoagulation was significantly underused in NVAF patients in China. Age, sex, concurrent drug usage and disease history were associated factors. Improving warfarin adherence was promising to reduce ischemic stroke risk of NVAF patients. PMID: 29022745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Conclusions -The addition of ezetimibe to simvastatin in patients stabilized after ACS reduces the frequency of ischemic stroke, with a particularly large effect seen in patients with a prior stroke. Clinical Trial Registration -URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT00202878. PMID: 28972004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
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Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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