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Young Americans lead rise in suicide attempts

A new study finds suicide attempts by younger adults -- especially those with mental disorders and less education -- are now on the rise.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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We examined to what extent the depression, poverty, and elder abuse experience affect suicide ideation among older Koreans. The data from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons were used. A sample of 10,279 members was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis revealed that younger old (65-69 years) were more likely to have suicide ideation that oldest old (80 years and older). After including all predicting variables such as depression, poverty, and abuse experience, results showed that depression, poverty, and abuse experience remained predictors for suicide ideation. Higher level of depre...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of mental health presentations to EDs increased significantly in NSW between 2010 and 2014, particularly presentations by adolescents. Urgent action is needed to provide better access to adolescent mental health services in the community and to enhance ED models of mental health care. The underlying drivers of this trend should be investigated to improve mental health care. PMID: 29669496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common, disabling, and comorbid disorder that is a leading cause of suicide and substance abuse. It requires exposure to an extreme, life-threatening stress; while the symptoms can be apparent early after trauma, they can also last a lifetime. In addition to being clinically significant and of great public health importance, PTSD also may be important to psychiatry for what it can provide to the field. It is perhaps the only disorder in our nosology where the defining inciting event is known: the trauma exposure.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
More than half of nurses referred to the Nursing and Midwifery Council have experienced suicidal thoughts, according to a snapshot survey by a group campaigning for improved support for those going through fitness to practise procedures.
Source: Nursing Times - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
Bipolar disorder, which has two major types, bipolar I (BD I) and II (BD II), is one of the most debilitating diseases worldwide (Kessler et al., 2008). BD I presents with succeeding episodes of mania and depression, and BD II with hypomania and depression (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The dominant pathology of bipolar disorder is the mood instability, including the impaired emotional processing and regulation (van Rheenen and Rossell, 2013; Bilderbeck et al., 2016). More clinical evidence show that BD I has high levels of anxiety, irritability and impulsivity (Serretti and Olgiati, 2005), while BD II has incre...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Bipolar disorder is a highly recurrent psychiatric illness with estimated annual costs of US $151 billion (Dilsaver,  2011). Although the disorder is defined on the basis of manic episodes, depressive episodes are present for most people with this disorder and are a major determinant of impairment (Perlis et al., 2006; Mitchell&Malhi, 2004), suicidal ideation, attempts and related deaths (Mitchell&Malhi, 2004; Weinstock, Strong, Uebelacker,&Miller, 2016). Depressive episodes are also more frequently recurrent than manic episodes are among those diagnosed with bipolar I disorder (Mitchell&Malhi,  2004).
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Despite millions of dollars spent on research and prevention programs, rates of military suicide have remained high for the past 7 years (Zoroya, 2016). Algorithms for predicting suicidal behavior among servicemen have been developed (Kessler, 2015) and have included several key risk factors (Ursano et al., 2015; Pompili et al., 2013; Pietrzak et al., 2010; Jakupcak et al., 2009, 2011). In addition to sociodemographic differences such as age and gender, among these key risks are mental health diagnoses, substance abuse, deployment, prior suicidality, childhood adversity, impulsivity, and physical health including traumatic...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
The U.S. all-cause suicide mortality rate increased from 12.6 to 13.3 per 100,000 from 2013 to 2015, while firearm suicide rates increased from 6.3 to 6.5 per 100,000 from 2013 to 2015 (Centers  for Disease Control and Prevention, National Centers for Injury Prevention and Control 2017). In parallel, the years of potential life lost (YPLL) at 75 years of age for suicide deaths increased from 1,166,172 years, constituting 5.7% of all-cause YPLL in 2013, to 1,257,085 years and 5.9% of all- cause YPLL in 2015 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Centers for Injury Prevention and Control 2017).
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
In many countries, the suicide rates of older adults are far greater than the younger population (World Health Organization, 2014), and, as many societies are facing the rapid ageing issue, thus interventions that reduce suicides among the elderlies are imperative. Conventional suicide prevention strategies tend to focus on psychiatric treatments for suicidal persons, but given the high medical cost and the rarity of suicides, this approach - attending a small group of high-risk individuals in the health care system - however is likely to have limited impact on reducing suicides at the population level (Lapierre et al., 20...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Thomas Probst, Verena Decker, Eva Kie ßling, Sascha Meyer, Christine Bofinger, Günter Niklewski, Andreas Mühlberger, Christoph Pieh
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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