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San Diego steps up containment battle as Hepatitis A outbreak kills 16

Private cleaning crews and public health workers are mobilized on city streets.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

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This study demonstrates that monitoring programs - even if providing numerous negative test results - are a useful means to provide baseline data, for a more comprehensive risk assessment related to foodborne viruses in berries.
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Abstract Asylum seekers are a vulnerable population for contracting infectious diseases. Outbreaks occur among children and adults. In the Netherlands, asylum seeker children are offered vaccination according to the National Immunization Program. Little is known about protection against vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD) in adult asylum seekers. In this 2016 study, we assessed the immunity of adult asylum seekers against nine VPD to identify groups that might benefit from additional vaccinations. We invited asylum seekers from Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Eritrea and Ethiopia to participate in a serosurvey. Par...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Since August 2016, Michigan has continued to see an elevated number of hepatitis A cases and resultant hospitalizations. Find out how you can help.State Health Alerts
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: None News Source Type: news
Conclusions Access to EPI vaccination for children is a key example of preventative public health interventions that have been curtailed in Northern Syria since the start of the conflict. These findings demonstrate that collapse of the formal public health system has led to an increasingly large group of children who are susceptible to infectious diseases with serious consequences, with younger children most vulnerable. We call on all health actors and the international community to work towards re-establishment of EPI activities as a priority to ensure that children who have had no access to vaccination in the last five...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, a previous assay designed computationally for detecting hepatitis A virus (HAV) was re-examined. Alignment of 57 complete or near complete HAV genomes allowed identification of conserved sequences for developing new primers and TaqMan probes. Two sets of real-time reverse transcription PCR reagents were developed by targeting highly conserved regions with primers and probes having optimal melting temperatures and minimum secondary structures. These two assays had 10 to 1,000 fold lower detection limits than the previous assay when tested using representative human HAV genotypes IA, IB, and IIIA. The better o...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn 2016–2017, we saw a rise in the number of hepatitis A cases, with a higher prevalence of adult male patients. No significant differences regarding the prevalence of HIV coinfection emerged.
Source: HIV Medicine - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Source: Liver International - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research
During the week ending on 13 October 2017, the first identified case was admitted to a public hospital in Windhoek district, with signs and symptoms of hepatitis E. During the week ending on 8 January 2018, a total of 237 probable and confirmed cases have been seen at various health facilities in Windhoek district with the same signs and symptoms. All suspected patients tested negative for hepatitis A, B, and C. A total of 41 of the 237 cases were sent for further testing, and on 8 January 2018, the results showed 21 were IgM positive for hepatitis E. On 19 November 2017, there was one confirmed deceased case, a 26 year-ol...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
A deadly outbreak of hepatitis A continues to spread across the country, with Michigan hit hardest in number of deaths.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion: During the outbreak of acute hepatitis A, two‐dose HAV vaccination is effective in preventing HAV infection among HIV‐positive individuals receiving combination antiretroviral therapy. Our data highlights the importance of HAV serologic screening and vaccination to prevent outbreaks of acute hepatitis A in the at‐risk populations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Hepatology - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Viral Hepatitis Source Type: research
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