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Associations between illness duration and health-related quality of life in specified mental and physical chronic health conditions: results from a population-based survey

AbstractPurposeWe compared health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in incident ( ≤1 year since diagnosis), mid-term (>1 –5 years since diagnosis), and long-term (>5  years since diagnosis) cases of mental and physical chronic illness with the general population and assessed the modifying effects of age and gender on the association between HRQOL and illness duration.MethodsData from the 2007 Australian National Health and Mental Wellbeing Survey were used. HRQOL was captured by the Assessment of Quality of Life Scale 4D. Multivariable linear regression analyses compared HRQOL of individuals with different duration of illnesses with those who did not have the condition of interest.ResultsThe 8841 survey respondents were aged 16 –85 years (median 43 years, 50.3% female). For the overall sample, worse HRQOL was associated with incident (P = 0.049) and mid-term (P = 0.036) stroke and long-term depression (P 
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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Authors: Möller HJ, Volz HP, Dienel A, Schläfke S, Kasper S Abstract Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitat...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Authors: Karp JN, Makol BA, Keeley LM, Qasmieh N, Deros DE, Weeks JW, Racz SJ, Lipton MF, Augenstein TM, De Los Reyes A Abstract Adolescents who experience social anxiety tend to hold fears about negative evaluations (e.g., taunting) and may also hold fears about positive evaluations (e.g., praise from a teacher). The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) scale and Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale (FPES) are 2 widely used measures of adults' evaluative concerns. Yet we know little about their psychometric properties when assessing adolescents. In a mixed clinical/community sample of 96 adolescents (66.7% female...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Computerized CBT can be a cost-effective adjunct to medication treatment, particularly in areas with limited access to mental health services. The use of online computerized CBT has been found to be effective in many studies in Western countries, but has not been studied among Chinese outpatients. This study suggests that online computerized CBT is acceptable, and that MoodGYM is a feasible and efficacious augmentative treatment, specifically when used within an outpatient clinic population. With this small sample size we were able to demonstrate that the addition of MoodGYM to usual care improved treatment out...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
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Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The theoretical model provides a more complex view of the realities of rural EM care than has been previously described. It identifies factors that enable and hinder rural EM physicians in their practice, and provides an understanding of the strategies they employ to navigate challenges. Some elements of the theoretical model have been previously identified. For example, existing work has found that many rural physicians experience fear and anxiety in their practice. The challenges posed by the variation in rural practice environments have also been previously identified as an important influence. Other elemen...
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
Authors: Ahern E, Kinsella S, Semkovska M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Leading cause of disability worldwide, depression is the most prevalent mental disorder with growing societal costs. As mental health services demand often outweighs provision, accessible treatment options are needed. Our systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the clinical efficacy and economic evidence for the use of online cognitive behavioral therapy (oCBT), as an accessible treatment solution for depression. Areas covered: Electronic databases were searched for controlled trials published between 2006 and 2016. Of the reviewed 3,324 studies...
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research
Abstract Glucose, in the presence of reactive oxygen species (ROS), acts as an as an oxidative agent and drives deleterious processes in Diabetes Mellitus. We have studied the mechanism and the toxicological effects of glucose-dependent glycoxidation reactions driven by copper and ROS, using a model peptide based on the exposed sequence of Human Serum Albumin (HSA) and containing a lysine residue susceptible to copper complexation. The main products of these reactions are Advanced Glycation End-products (AGEs). Carboxymethyl lysine and pyrraline condensed on the model peptide, generating a Modified Peptide (MP). T...
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Mutat Res Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to examine admission patterns and outcomes in MICU at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College. Materials: A retrospective review of 1256 patients’ case notes who were admitted to the MICU at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College from 2007 to 2012 was carried out. The data was analyzed by SPSS version 18.0 to obtain descriptive and inferential measurements. P values
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research
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Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research
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Source: Seminars in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Semin Ophthalmol Source Type: research
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