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Impact of engagement in exercise on sleep quality among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms - Bosch J, Weaver TL, Neylan TC, Herbst E, McCaslin SE.

BACKGROUND: Exercise has beneficial effects for physical health outcomes and has also been shown to reduce the severity of psychological health symptoms. Recent studies have shown a potentially positive impact of exercise on posttraumatic stress disorder (...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers is known as violence in healthcare settings and referring to the violent acts that are directed towards doctors, nurses or other healthcare staff at work or on duty. Moreover, WPV can cause a ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
While a biopsychosocial ‘model’ (or sociopsychobiological framework) has been widely adopted when attempting to understand pain, many critics argue that it just doesn’t give clinicians a clear way to integrate or prioritise clinical information and generate treatments. The ‘model’ itself has been challenged from many angles – it’s too complex, too simplistic, relies on Bertalanffy’s “general systems theory” which has itself been challenged, it’s too “fuzzy”, and of course there are many who think that psychological and sociocultural aspects of hu...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Clinical reasoning Coping strategies Professional topics Research Science in practice biopsychosocial treatment Source Type: blogs
Researchers from Goldsmiths University of London also identified substance use, genetics, physical illness, personality, sleep disorders and psychiatric illnesses as factors.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Funding Opportunity PAR-18-125 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) invites cooperative agreement applications for investigator-initiated clinical trials of natural products to treat clinical symptoms such as those associated with sleep disturbance, pain conditions, or some mental health conditions (e.g., mild to moderate depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress), or examine the effects of probiotics and other natural products on gut-microbiome interactions with the brain and/or immune system. All applications submitted under this FOA must be supported by sufficien...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
Conclusions: This study is one of the earliest network analyses of depression and PTSD, and first to extend this inquiry to health behavior. Symptom-level investigations may clarify mechanisms underlying psychological comorbidity and behavioral risk in MSM and refine targets for intervention/prevention. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings add to the limited literature on gender differences and gender-specific risk factors related to sleep and PTSD, and may inform intervention development and implementation related to PTSD severity among vulnerable adults. PMID: 29172723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Behavioral Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Behav Sleep Med Source Type: research
Abstract Sleep disturbance is commonly reported by participants with post-traumatic stress disorder, but objective evidence of poor sleep is often absent. Here we compared self-report and actigraphic evaluations of sleep between veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder and controls. Participants reported their sleep retrospectively for the month before the recording night and on the recording night. On the recording night, they wore an Actiwatch-64 and were instructed to press the marker button upon getting into bed, each time they awoke, and at their final awakening. The post-traumatic stress disorder group r...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
Summary Sleep disturbance is commonly reported by participants with post‐traumatic stress disorder, but objective evidence of poor sleep is often absent. Here we compared self‐report and actigraphic evaluations of sleep between veterans with post‐traumatic stress disorder and controls. Participants reported their sleep retrospectively for the month before the recording night and on the recording night. On the recording night, they wore an Actiwatch‐64 and were instructed to press the marker button upon getting into bed, each time they awoke, and at their final awakening. The post‐traumatic stress disorder group r...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Regular Research Paper Source Type: research
The presence of repeated nightmares in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been hypothesized as a dysfunction of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, but there has been remarkably little agreement about the pathophysiology. This presents a deterrent to more effective treatments. REM sleep abnormalities including elevated REM density also have been replicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). The purpose of this study was to clarify the difference of REM sleep abnormalities between the two disorders for understanding the pathophysiology of sleep disturbances in PTSD.
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
This study utilized a novel animal model simulating the beginning of combat exposure that aided specification of a set of biomarkers.Methods: Psychological stress was induced by both inescapable electric foot shock and noise stimuli. Physical fatigue was induced by sleep deprivation and forced exercise in a rotating cage. A new device reflecting simultaneous psychological stress and physical fatigue was constructed. The protocol simulating combat exposure was set as 3 rounds of 24-h exposure in a 2-week period, which was specified as intermittent unpredictable stress (IUS).Results: Mice exposed to IUS(IUS mice) had signifi...
Source: Neuroimmunomodulation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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