Sex chromosome changes in leukemia: cytogenetics and molecular aspects.

CONCLUSION: The presence of these abnormalities can cause genetic instability in BM and result in the development of a malignant clone and progression of the disease. In addition, the evaluation of SCL together with the genes involved in these chromosomes can contribute to predict the disease prognosis as well as monitoring of malignancy. PMID: 28889783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research

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We presently forget 98% of everything we experience. That will go away in favor of perfect, controllable, configurable memory. Skills and knowledge will become commodities that can be purchased and installed. We will be able to feel exactly as we wish to feel at any given time. How we perceive the world will be mutable and subject to choice. How we think, the very fundamental basis of the mind, will also be mutable and subject to choice. We will merge with our machines, as Kurzweil puts it. The boundary between mind and computing device, between the individual and his or her tools, will blur. Over the course of the ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The PD-1/PD-L1 (programmed cell death) pathway is an immune checkpoint, which protects normal tissues but can also prevent anti-tumor immune response. The FDA approvals of checkpoint inhibitors constitutes a major advance in the immunotherapy of cancer [1]. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is an example of successful use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Blockade of oncogenic BCR-ABL1 kinase activity translated into an impressive control of the disease. CML is also known to be responsive to immunotherapy and long-term eradication of CML has been achieved by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation [2].
Source: Leukemia Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Relapse is the most important cause of failure in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The European Leukemia Net (ELN) recommends allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in AML patients in first complete remission after a careful risk-benefit assessment1. Here, disease specific and transplantation specific risk factors have to be evaluated before a recommendation for an alloSCT can be given. Generally, alloSCT is recommended if disease relapse risk exceeds 35 to 40% without the procedure.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewOutcomes for older adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain poor, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) remains a potentially curative modality. However, benefits are offset by high rates of non-relapse mortality (NRM) in patients undergoing myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens can extend this therapy to adults who are unfit for MAC, although at the cost of higher relapse rates. In this review, we discuss evidence to support the usage of RIC regimens, controversies, and potential strategies to improve transplant out...
Source: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Abstract The natural history of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a continuous process with the vicious cycle of remission and recurrence. Because MCL cells are most vulnerable before their exposure to therapeutic agents, front-line therapy could eliminate MCL cells at the first strike, reduce the chance for secondary resistance, and cause long-term remissions. If optimized, it could become an alternative to cure MCL. The key is the intensity of front-line therapy. Both the Nordic 2 and the MD Anderson Cancer Center HCVAD trials, with follow-up times greater than 10 years, achieved long-term survivals exceeding 1...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Exp Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2018Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Katie Wickenden, Matthew P.M. Graham-Brown, David Veitch, John Dormer, Mark Bamford, Robin A.C. Graham-Brown, Graham Warwick, Simon Wagner, James O. BurtonSézary syndrome is a rare aggressive leukemic variant of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, typically presenting with erythroderma, lymphadenopathy, and an atypical clonal T-cell population. Though it often involves the spleen and liver, we report a case of Sézary syndrome with renal involvement that was treated successfully. Visceral involvement confer...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Condition:   Leukemia Intervention:   Other: MRI pelvic Sponsor:   Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2018Source: Journal de Mycologie MédicaleAuthor(s): A. Sharifpour, N. Gholinejad-Ghadi, R. Ghasemian, Z. Seifi, S.R. Aghili, E. Zaboli, R. Abdi, T. ShokohiAbstractThe patients with hematologic malignancies and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients are at high risk for invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) mainly due to the severe and prolonged neutropenia related to high-dose chemotherapy. Voriconazole prophylaxis is recommended for possible IFDs. Mucormycosis is a fulminant infection, which may occur after voriconazole prophylaxis for invasive aspergillosis in...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2018Source: Advances in Biological RegulationAuthor(s): Kenneth Kaushansky, Huichun ZhanAbstractEach day the adult human produces 4 × 1011 red blood cells, 1 × 1011 white blood cells and 1 × 1011 platelets, levels of production which can increase 10–20 fold in times of heightened demand. Hematopoiesis, or the formation of the ten different types of blood and marrow cells, is a complex process involving hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), cytokine growth factors and cell surface adhesion molecules, and both specific and ubiquitous transcription fact...
Source: Advances in Biological Regulation - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ke Verbeek Treatment options for older patients with intermediate or high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain unsatisfactory. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation, the treatment of choice for the majority of younger AML patients, has been hampered in elderly patients by higher treatment related mortality, comorbidities and lack of a suitable donor. With the higher availability of suitable donors as well as of reduced intensity conditioning regimens, novel low intensity treatments prior to transplantation and optimized supportive care, the number of older AML patients being successfully transplanted is steadily inc...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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