Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman
On 30 August 2017, the national IHR focal point of Oman reported one case of Middle East respiratory syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). The last report of MERS-CoV from Oman was on 29 November 2016.
Disease Outbreak News for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Oman
This article is part of the series “From SARS to MERS: Research on highly pathogenic human coronaviruses” (Hilgenfeld & Peiris, Antiviral Res. 100, 286–295 (2013)).
This article is part of the series "From SARS to MERS: Research on highly pathogenic human coronaviruses" (Hilgenfeld &Peiris, Antiviral Res. 100, 286-295 (2013)). PMID: 29128390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Update on MERS CoV in Saudi Arabia, 7 November 2017
Publication date: 21 January 2018 Source:Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 437 Author(s): Inkyung Ahn, Seongman Heo, Seunghyun Ji, Kyung Hyun Kim, Taehwan Kim, Eun Joo Lee, Jooyoung Park, Keehoon Sung Much concern has arisen regarding serious epidemics due to the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus. The first MERS case of Korea was reported on 20 May 2015, and since then, the MERS outbreak in Korea has resulted in hundreds of confirmed cases and tens of deaths. Deadly infectious diseases such as MERS have significant direct and indirect social impacts, which include disease-induced mortality and econo...
ABSTRACT Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) have been considered to be relatively harmless respiratory pathogens in the past. However, after the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and emergence of the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), HCoVs have received worldwide attention as important pathogens in respiratory tract infection. This review focuses on the epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical characteristics among SARS‐coronaviruses (CoV), MERS‐CoV and other HCoV infections.
Between 31 August and 26 September 2017, the national IHR focal point of Saudi Arabia reported nine additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including four deaths. In addition, four deaths from previously reported cases were reported.
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Conclusions The role of HCWs in MERS-CoV transmission is complex. Although most MERS-CoV–infected HCWs are asymptomatic or have mild disease, fatal infections can occur and HCWs can play a major role in propagating health care facility outbreaks. This investigation highlights the need to continuously review infection control guidance relating to the role of HCWs in MERS-CoV transmission in health care outbreaks, especially as it relates to the complex questions on definition of risky exposures, who to test, and the frequency of MERS-CoV testing; criteria for who to quarantine and for how long; and clearance and retur...
Conclusion The R 0 for the nosocomial MERS outbreaks in KSA and South Korea was estimated to be in the range of 2–5, which is significantly higher than the previous estimate of <1. Therefore, more comprehensive countermeasures are needed to address these infections.