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Medical News Today: Hypopnea: Symptoms, causes, and treatments

What is hypopnea and how does it differ from sleep apnea? What are the risk factors of hypopnea, how may it be prevented, and what are the complications?
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Respiratory / Asthma Source Type: news

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This article provides a concise review of the possible role and functions of several selected neuropeptides in the process of breathing in health and disease and in lung pathologies.
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: The body composition with subjects with HF and COPD showed a high deterioration that can lead to a worse condition.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Asthma Source Type: research
Conclusions: Preliminary results indicate that a relationship exists between sleep disturbances due to COPD symptoms and peripheral airway abnormalities. The final analysis will allow better description of this association.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Asthma Source Type: research
Background: A full polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea(OSA) and provides comprehensive data on the sleep stages, efficiency, apnea, hypopnea events, and overnight oximetry during supervised overnight sleep study.Aims: Overnight desaturation index (ODI) is a surrogate marker for diagnosis of OSA and can be easily recorded using portable standalone overnight oximetry devices which are considerably inexpensive when compared to the full PSG. There is limited data on comparisons between AHI &ODI. There is a need to find out if ODI is a reliable measure when compared to the AHI...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
Background: Unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may lead to poor asthma control despite optimal therapy. We aimed to assess the prevalence of OSAS among patients with nocturnal symptoms and poorly controlled asthma.Methods: Patients with nocturnal asthma symptoms despite receiving at least moderate dose of inhaled corticosteroid and long acting bronchodilators underwent a limited sleep study using "Embletta" portable diagnostic system (Medcare, Iceland).Results: [mean (SD) unless stated otherwise]: Among 145 patients recruited, 122 patients underwent sleep study with 62 subjects (50.8%) had AHI &...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients have a significant lack of information and support. The require dedicated consultations with a responsable health professional and the reimbursement of smoking cessation products
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, Smoking Control and Health Education Source Type: research
Conclusions Serum periostin levels tend to increase in severe OSA' when adjusted for BMI. Elevated serum periostin in patients with severe OSA may indicate the risk of albuminuria' which could be reduced with CPAP treatment.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
Conclusions: CPAP therapy for 3 months in OSAS patients with nocturnal asthma despite treatment with at least moderate dose inhaled corticosteroid and long acting bronchodilators did not improve asthma control but alleviated daytime sleepiness and improved asthma related quality of life.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
Conclusions: As compatible with previous research, we recognized asthma and PBB as the most frequent causes of chronic cough. We believe that implementation of a standardized algorithm including investigation of OSA as an etiological factor of chronic cough in children may improve clinical outcomes.Figure-1: Etiologies of patients (n=251)*: Three patients were diagnosed as astma and gastroesophageal reflux
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Ö Abstract Although the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains unclear, it is accepted as a multifactorial disease. It is thought that some of the interventions that might cause alterations in the normal gastrointestinal tract anatomy and diseases that affect the lower esophageal sphincter, esophageal clearance, and stomach motility (gastric emptying) might lay a foundation for GERD development. Moreover, it is common knowledge that GERD might cause various extraesophageal symptoms and complications. A possible connection between GERD and sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, hypothyroidism, r...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Turk J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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