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CPAP or NIV in Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome CPAP or NIV in Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome

The preferred mode of respiratory support for obesity hypoventilation syndrome remains controversial.Thorax
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pulmonary Medicine Journal Article Source Type: news

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(Reuters Health) - Children ’s waistlines have been expanding in lock step with the amount of time they spend with televisions, computers, smartphones and tablets, European doctors say.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
In obese adolescents, “ loss of control ” eating declines sharply right after bariatric surgery but then gradually increases thereafter, and may adversely affect long-term weight outcomes, a new study finds.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: Gastroenterology News Source Type: news
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is one of the costliest welfare programs at about $70 billion a year. Not only is it costly, but a large share of the benefits are not used as intended.Recipientsare supposed to use SNAP or food stamp benefits to “make healthy food choices” and “obtain a more nutritious diet.” But it turns out thatabout $15 billion of food stamp spending goes for junk food, such as candy and cola. Many recipients are not making the nutritious choices the government intends.The Trump administration is expected to pursue welfare reforms next year, and trimming food ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against infections and have contributed immensely to reduce the morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, extensive use of antibiotics has led to alterations of the gut microbiome, predisposition to various diseases and most importantly, increase in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which poses a major threat to global public health. Another major issue faced worldwide due to unregulated use of antibiotics in children as well as in adults is the influence of metabolism and body weight homeostasis, leading to obesity. Apart from the involvement of biosocial causes inf...
Source: Public Health Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Authors: Abdalla MMI, Soon SC Abstract OBJECTIVES: Body fat content, fat distribution, and adiponectin level are important variables in the development of obesity related complications. Anthropometric indices may provide an economic and faster method in measuring the risk for complications through their predictive effect of fat distribution and adiponectin concentration. We aimed to determine, which of the waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and body mass index (BMI) may be the best predictor for the total fat percentage (WF), visceral fat level (VF), and subcutaneous whole-body fat (SCWBF). We aime...
Source: Endocrine Regulations - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr Regul Source Type: research
Summary The obesity supine death syndrome refers to a catastrophic cascade of cardiorespiratory complications resulting from the supine positioning of a morbidly obese subject which can ultimately lead to death. It was first described in 1977 in two massively obese patients who were forced to lie down for medical procedures. But surprisingly, despite the current worldwide epidemic of obesity, very few cases have been reported yet. It can be assumed that the syndrome is poorly recognized in clinical practice and may participate in the high rate of unexplained death in morbidly obese patients. Based on the previously publish...
Source: Obesity Reviews - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity/Etiology and Pathophysiology Source Type: research
(University of Toronto) University of Toronto nutritional scientists are leading a study with national experts calling on the Canadian government to outlaw junk food marketing to children, impose stricter limits on unhealthy nutrients added to foods, and impose a 'sugary drink tax.'
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news
Sexual assault is a traumatic event with potentially devastating lifelong effects on physical and emotional health. Sexual assault is associated with gastrointestinal, neurologic, and reproductive symptoms, as well as obesity, diabetes, and chronic pain. W...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Conclusions The −251 polymorphism confers susceptibility to AP and disease severity in obese patients. However, its effect is moderate. One potential mechanism for this susceptibility is via increased IL8 production by innate cells, with subsequent enhanced neutrophil influx and pancreatic injury.
Source: Pancreas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: We review the evidence for release of proinflammatory cells and cytokines contained in fat following the bariatric surgery, and also consider the roles that the surgical resection of stomach and shortening of the bowel may also bring about this syndrome. The earlier onset is more likely due to surgical loss of defenses of the stomach and the later onset to a metabolic alteration of the presurgical obesity, involving fat metabolism, and/or the microbiome. The role of characteristic creeping fat of CD is also addressed.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
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