Rapid Risk Assessment: Hurricane Irma: Risk of Communicable Diseases in the Affected Countries

European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 09/08/2017 This six-page document describes how in the aftermath of Hurricane Irma, the most immediate risks in the affected areas of the Caribbean are increased transmission of diarrhoeal diseases related to lack of access to safe drinking water, and acute respiratory infection in children accommodated in overcrowded shelters. The risk of an upsurge in cholera cases in areas with previous transmission and flood-specific risks (e.g., tetanus and leptospirosis) should be given priority when adopting mitigating measures. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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[Leadership] Niger state government has confirmed 7 people dead in the outbreak of Cholera in Bida local government area,even as 74 cases have so far been reported in the area.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
[This Day] Minna -An unconfirmed source monday evening stated that 15 people died and 65 others were hospitalised as a result of cholera outbreak in Bida Local Government Area of Niger State.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Whenever we are charged, as a nation, with being occupied solely with the life of trade, and the designation of Yankee is used to designate preeminently commercial habits, it is refreshing to turn to the history of science for the truth. Of course, in the earlier days of the United States as a national enterprise the conditions were scarcely favorable for the widespread prosecution of those studies for which the European peoples of the civilized world had been prepared by generations and even centuries of experience. America ’s intellectual life can at best be measured by decades. How has she progressed in some of th...
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions Access to EPI vaccination for children is a key example of preventative public health interventions that have been curtailed in Northern Syria since the start of the conflict. These findings demonstrate that collapse of the formal public health system has led to an increasingly large group of children who are susceptible to infectious diseases with serious consequences, with younger children most vulnerable. We call on all health actors and the international community to work towards re-establishment of EPI activities as a priority to ensure that children who have had no access to vaccination in the last five...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: D'Amelio E, Salemi S, D'Amelio R Abstract A brief history of vaccination is presented since the Jenner's observation, through the first golden age of vaccinology (from Pasteur's era to 1938), the second golden age (from 1940 to 1970), until the current period. In the first golden age, live, such as Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG), and yellow fever, inactivated, such as typhoid, cholera, plague, and influenza, and subunit vaccines, such as tetanus and diphtheria toxoids, have been developed. In the second golden age, the cell culture technology enabled polio, measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines be dev...
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research
Abstract Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by formation of pro-oxidative lipids in large and medium-sized vessels. Over the years, many treatments and drugs have entered the market to improve atherosclerosis and autoantigen-mediated active immunization is currently considered as a beneficial method. Therefore, this study was conducted to design a novel epitope-based vaccine against atherosclerosis employing CD99, CD81 and CD99L2 antigens. In this way, structural vaccinology approaches were used to design a novel multi-epitope vaccine against atherosclerosis. Six epitopes were predicte...
Source: Computational Biology and Chemistry - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Comput Biol Chem Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Infectious Diseases Division, icddr,b (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh), Dhaka, Bangladesh 2Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden 3Maternal and Child Health Division, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh 4Department of Clinical Trial and Clinical Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan PDF Version (995 KB) Abstract About This Article Supplemental Material Background: Early-life arsenic exposure has been associated with reduced cell-mediated immunity, but little is known about its effects o...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions Safe, effective, affordable homeopathic immunizations exist for almost every illness now targeted by unsafe, costly, failed conventional vaccinations. If the goal were to provide protection from disease in a safe manner, why aren’t these safe, inexpensive homeopathic options made available to the public on a large scale? Millions of dollars in healthcare costs would be saved by using a less expensive immunization. Most significant would be the reduction of vaccine-caused diseases including autism, asthma, allergies, autoimmune disorders, diabetes, and cancer. The health of Americans would improve in drama...
Source: vactruth.com - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Logical Michelle Goldstein Recent Articles Top Stories homeopathic vaccination homeopathic vaccines truth about vaccines Source Type: blogs
Anti-infectious human vaccination in historical perspective. Int Rev Immunol. 2015 Nov 25;:1-32 Authors: D'Amelio E, Salemi S, D'Amelio R Abstract A brief history of vaccination is presented since the Jenner's observation, through the first golden age of vaccinology (from Pasteur's era to 1938), the second golden age (from 1940 to 1970), until the current period. In the first golden age, live, such as Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG), and yellow fever, inactivated, such as typhoid, cholera, plague, and influenza, and subunit vaccines, such as tetanus and diphtheria toxoids, have been deve...
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research
Conclusion We report development of an Inaba OSP:rTTHc conjugate vaccine that induces memory responses and protection against cholera in mice. Development of an effective cholera conjugate vaccine that induces high level and long-term immune responses against OSP would be beneficial, especially in young children who respond poorly to polysaccharide antigens.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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