Osteoporosis Drug Use in Chronic Kidney Disease Osteoporosis Drug Use in Chronic Kidney Disease

The study shows improved bone mineral density with oral bisphosphonates in those with moderate or severe CKD.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

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Publication date: September 2018 Source:Clinica Chimica Acta, Volume 484 Author(s): Wen-Chih Liu, Chia-Chao Wu, Paik-Seong Lim, Shiaw-Wen Chien, Yi-Chou Hou, Cai-Mei Zheng, Jia-Fwu Shyu, Yuh-Feng Lin, Kuo-Cheng Lu Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorders (CKD-MBD) exhibit abnormalities in the circulating mineral levels, vitamin D metabolism, and parathyroid function that contribute to the formation of a bone lesion. The uremic toxin, indoxyl sulfate (IS), accumulates in the blood in cases of renal failure and leads to bone loss. The bone and renal responses to the action of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) are progressi...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorders (CKD-MBD) exhibit abnormalities in the circulating mineral levels, vitamin D metabolism, and parathyroid function that contribute to the formation of a bone lesion. The uremic toxin, indoxyl sulfate (IS), accumulates in the blood in cases of renal failure and leads to bone loss. The bone and renal responses to the action of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) are progressively decreased in CKD in spite of increasing PTH levels, a condition commonly called PTH resistance. There is a high prevalence of low bone turnover or adynamic bone disease in the early stages of ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Chim Acta Source Type: research
We thank Dr. Labriola and Dr. Jadoul for their comments.1 We fully agree with the relevance of falls as a major risk factor of fracture in such patients.2 Falls were mentioned and included in Figure  12 as an important determinant of fractures. However, this issue was not extensively discussed because of few relevant data available in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. CKD patients, including those treated by dialysis, may have a high propensity for falls. Several factors are probably invo lved, including accelerated aging with deleterious consequences such as impaired cognitive function, neurological disorders, v...
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
hamse Curcumin, a low molecular weight, lipophilic, major yellow natural polyphenolic, and the most well-known plant-derived compound, is extracted from the rhizomes of the turmeric (Curcuma longa) plant. Curcumin has been demonstrated as an effective therapeutic agent in traditional medicine for the treatment and prevention of different diseases. It has also shown a wide range of biological and pharmacological effects in drug delivery, and has actively been used for the treatment of aging-associated diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractSummaryPatients with Parkinson ’s disease (PD) were at higher risk of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) compared to controls and had elevated mortality rates. Compared to conservative treatment, surgical treatment for OVCF in PD patients seemed to be associated with better outcomes.IntroductionThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of OVCF in patients with PD.MethodsData from patients over the age of 60  years who were diagnosed with PD were collected between 2004 and 2013 from the Korean National Health Insurance Database (n = 3370). The comparison group (non-...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common non-infectious chronic liver-disease in our age, and is a spectrum of all the diseases associated with increased fat accumulation in the hepatocytes. Its development is promoted by sedentary life-style, over-feeding, and certain genetic predisposition. Prevalence in the adult population, even in Hungary is ~30%. In a part of cases, this disease may pass into non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, later into fibrosis, rarely into primary hepatocellular cancer. Fatty liver is closely and bidirectionally related to the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, and n...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017 Source:The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology Author(s): Adrian Covic, Marc Vervloet, Ziad A Massy, Pablo Ureña Torres, David Goldsmith, Vincent Brandenburg, Sandro Mazzaferro, Pieter Evenepoel, Jordi Bover, Mugurel Apetrii, Mario Cozzolino The patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents an extreme model for arteriosclerosis, vascular calcification, and bone disorders, all of which are also associated with ageing in the general population. These pathological features are also relevant to other common chronic health disorders such as diabetes, and chronic ...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractSummaryThis prospective two-year study of patients on chronic dialysis measured changes in bone mineral density (BMD). Patients with higher baseline BMD and shorter dialysis vintage lost more bone. Treatment with anti-hypertensives acting on the central nervous system was protective against bone loss. Baseline serum levels of sclerostin and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase predicted bone loss.IntroductionThis prospective 2-year study of chronic kidney disease on dialysis (CKD-5D) patients assessed trabecular and cortical bone loss at the hip and spine and examined potential demographic, clinical, and serum bioche...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the reviewThere is an increasing body of evidence that the trabecular bone score (TBS), a surrogate of bone microarchitecture extracted from spine DXA, could play an important role in the management of patients with osteoporosis or at risk of fracture. The current paper reviews this published body of scientific literature on TBS and answers the most relevant clinical questions.Recent findingsTBS has repeatedly been proven to be predictive of fragility fractures, current and future, and this is largely independent of BMD, CRF, and the FRAX, and when used in conjunction with any one of these measures, it c...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion The current study showed that adynamic bone disease is prevalent even in pre-dialysis CKD population. High bone turnover disease may not be the most prevalent type in diabetic CKD. However, it could contribute to the development of osteoporosis in CKD subjects. Serum total ALP can serve as a biochemical marker to identify pattern of bone turnover where intact PTH is not available.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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