Lack of sleep could contribute to mental health problems, researchers reveal

Study finds therapy designed to treat insomnia also reduced paranoia and hallucinations, and improved depression and anxiety in patientsMental health problems including psychotic experiences could in part be down to a lack of sleep, researchers have revealed.A new study found that people who had undertaken a course of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) designed specifically to treat insomnia not only found their sleep improved, but also experienced reduced paranoia and fewer hallucinations - both psychotic experiences - as well as improvements in depression and anxiety.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Mental health Sleep & wellbeing Psychology Science Society Life and style Source Type: news

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(Northumbria University) Three-quarters of prisoners struggling to sleep have reported major improvements after receiving cognitive behavioural therapy to treat their insomnia. In the first study of its kind in the world, experts from Northumbria University have found that a single one-hour session of cognitive behavioural therapy was effective in preventing the development of chronic insomnia in 73% of prisoners. Inmates also reported that the therapy made notable improvements to their anxiety and depression.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Adjunctive Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia for older men being treated for depression can improve insomnia in the short term, without apparent harm. The short-term depressive symptom effect size in this pilot trial was comparable to other adjunctive interventions and may warrant a larger, definitive trial. PMID: 30191722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: The high prevalence of poor sleep quality and insomnia in patients with PAH warrants regular screening and appropriate treatment. Treating sleep problems may contribute to improve the QOL and exercise capacity in PAH.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pulmonary Circulation and Pulmonary Vascular Disease Source Type: research
Conclusions Both groups ended/maintained low hypnotic drug consumption post-treatment. Short-term reductions occurred in the AA group in anxiety and depression symptoms and in the CBT-i group regarding insomnia symptoms.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
By Alex Fradera “In the dark, in the quiet, in the lonely stillness, the aggrieved struggle to rescue sleep from vigilance.” This arresting sentence introduces a new review of insomnia in Behaviour Research and Therapy that addresses a troubling fact observed in sleep labs across the world: poor sleep is not sufficient to make people consider themselves to have the condition… and poor sleep may not even be necessary. The paper, by Kenneth Lichstein at the University of Alabama, explores the implications of “Insomnia Identity”: how it contributes to health problems, and may be an obstacle...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Mental health Sleep and dreaming Source Type: blogs
Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia has been found to also help a range of mental health issues, including negative thoughts, hallucinations and psychosis
Source: New Scientist - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research
We report here an overview of the Depression Inventory Development initiative, including results of the third iteration of items assessing symptoms related to anhedonia, cognition, fatigue, general malaise, motivation, anxiety, negative thinking, pain and appetite. The strategies adopted from the Depression Inventory Development program, as an empirically driven and collaborative process for scale development, have provided the foundation to develop and validate measurement tools in other therapeutic areas as well. Introduction The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD)[1] and Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rati...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Depression Mood Disorders Patient Assessment Psychiatry Review Scales Trial Methodology depressive symptoms item response theory major depressive disorder rating scales Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Dedicated CBT group treatment for insomnia improves sleep more than treating sleep as an adjunct to other mental health treatment. PMID: 26670823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2015 Source:The Lancet Neurology, Volume 14, Issue 7 Author(s): Marie-Christine Ouellet , Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau , Charles M Morin Sleep-wake disturbances are extremely common after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The most common disturbances are insomnia (difficulties falling or staying asleep), increased sleep need, and excessive daytime sleepiness that can be due to the TBI or other sleep disorders associated with TBI, such as sleep-related breathing disorder or post-traumatic hypersomnia. Sleep-wake disturbances can have a major effect on functional outcomes and on the recovery process after TB...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion This RCT demonstrates that a single one-hour session of CBT led to remission at one-month follow-up for 60% of people with acute insomnia, compared with 15% with a waiting list control. A course of six to eight weeks of CBT is already a recommended treatment for insomnia, and the results of this study suggest promise for a briefer intervention. This may be better if it makes it more likely people will accept treatment and stick with it. Shorter sessions would also be easier to provide, as they need fewer resources. However, there are important points to bear in mind before taking this study as conclusive p...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Lifestyle/exercise Mental health Medical practice Source Type: news
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