Using Normalisation Process Theory to investigate the implementation of school-based oral health promotion.

CONCLUSIONS: A large gap exists between available research evidence and translation of evidence in OHPI in community settings. Effectiveness of OHPI requires not only an awareness of evidence of clinical effectiveness but also synthesised information about change mechanisms and implementation protocols. PMID: 28872807 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Community Dental Health - Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

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In most industrialized nations, there has been a substantial decrease in the prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old children and adults over the past 40 years [1]. Nevertheless, dental caries continues to be the most prevalent oral disease and a major public oral health problem [2,3]. In particular, there have been remarkable changes in the pattern of dental caries. The progression of enamel caries has been slowed because of the widespread use of fluoride toothpaste and improved oral hygiene [3].
Source: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy - Category: Laser Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
U.S. children and adolescents with greater access to fluoridated drinking water are less likely to experience dental decay, according to a new analysis of data.
Source: Health News - - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare condition characterized by a typical facial appearance and variable findings of the eyes, teeth, and fingers. ODDD is caused by mutations in theGJA1 gene in chromosome 6q22 and inherited in an autosomal dominant manner in the majority of the patients. However, in recent clinical reports, autosomal recessive ODDD cases due to byGJA1 mutations were also described. Here, we report on a 14-year-old boy with microphthalmia, microcornea, narrow nasal bridge, hypoplastic alae nasi, prominent columnella, hypodontia, dental caries, and partial syndactyly of the 2nd and 3rd toes. These cl...
Source: Cytogenetic and Genome Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This case-control study aimed to investigate the effect of rs11003125 in dental caries. For this purpose, a total number of 404 individuals – from Fars Province in Iran – were studied. The technique of this research was the tetra-primer amplification-refractory mutation system (ARMS)-PCR. Dental caries prevalence among the 404 individuals was assessed by counting the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth. In this research, in dividuals were divided into two groups: cases (n = 238) and controls (n = 166), and the peripheral blood samples were used to extract the genomic DNA. For genotyping of DNA, the tet...
Source: Caries Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Aboriginal children living in rural and remote communities in NSW experience high rates of dental caries. Oral health promotion is urgently required to reduce the burden of dental caries and should address oral hygiene behaviours, fluoride use and access to healthy foods and drinks. Note: This article uses the term 'Aboriginal people' when referring to the first peoples of Australia. This term is inclusive of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. PMID: 29890837 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
(International&American Associations for Dental Research) The fluoridation of America's drinking water was a great public health achievement in the twentieth century but there are few studies from the last three decades investigating the impact of water fluoridation on US dental health. A recent study " Water fluoridation and dental caries in US children and adolescents, " published in the Journal of Dental Research, evaluated associations between the availability of community water fluoridation and dental decay experience in US child and adolescent populations.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In this study, we assessed and analyzed the disease burden of childhood dental caries in China by extracting data from the Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016). In 2016, the number of cases, prevalence, years lived with disability (YLD), and age-standardized YLD rate of dental caries was 93.0 million, 43.0%, 32,200 person years, and 14.8 per 100,000, respectively. Across 33 provincial units, the disease burden was highest in Hubei (YLD rate 28.6 per 100,000), lowest in Macao (9.1 per 100,000), while geographical clustering was not observed. Compared with 1990, the prevalence in 2016 de...
Source: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Erosive tooth wear is defined as irreversible loss of dental tissues due to intrinsic or extrinsic acids, exacerbated by mechanical forces. Recent studies have suggested a higher prevalence of erosive tooth wear in males, as well as a genetic contribution to susceptibility to erosive tooth wear. Our aim was to examine erosive tooth wear by performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a sample of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (n = 1,962). Erosive tooth wear was assessed clinically using the basic erosive wear examination. A GWAS was performed for the whole sample as well as separately for males and females....
Source: Caries Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe vast majority of lesions (85 –90%) identified as inactive enamel caries at baseline did not progress over 4–5 years. Despite this fact, it was possible to detect an increased risk for caries progression in caries-inactive occlusal sites compared with the sound ones.Clinical relevanceConsidering the low progression rates, inactive caries lesions do not need a specific caries-controlling treatment and should be monitored longitudinally in the same manner as sound surfaces.
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
Conclusions: Survey results confirm the need to implement nationwide dental caries prevention measures. Since water fluoridation is not feasible, salt fluoridation would be the alternative.
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
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