Solitary aneurysm of the filum terminale artery: A case report and review of the literature.

CONCLUSION: Although rare, a true aneurysm after spinal surgery should be considered among the differential diagnostic consideration in the region of the filum terminale. PMID: 28868191 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractSpinal myxopapillary ependymoma (SME) is a rare pathological variant of ependymoma, which most commonly occurs in the cauda equina and filum terminale of the spinal cord. Although SME is considered as a benign entity, histologically corresponding to WHO grade I, local recurrence and metastasis have been reported in many cases. The purpose of this large-scale, single-center study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of SME. A total of 34 consecutive patients diagnosed with SME were enrolled in this retrospective study. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and were ...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Since the only proven treatment able to prevent further deterioration from superficial siderosis is to stop chronic bleeding into subarachnoid space, is of paramount importance to establish an early diagnosis of the source of bleeding. Cases of unexplained superficial siderosis of central nervous system should include routine spinal MRI to rule out bleeding of spinal tumor even in asymptomatic patients. Due to severity of potential deterioration caused by superficial siderosis, any tumoral lesion observed on spinal MRI even without documented sings of bleeding should be considered for resection. PMID: 329...
Source: Revista de Neurologia - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to describe the long-term recurrence patterns, prognostic factors, and effect of adjuvant or salvage radiotherapy (RT) on treatment outcomes for patients with spinal myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE). METHODS: The authors reviewed a tertiary institution IRB-approved database and collected data regarding patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics for all patients treated consecutively from 1974 to 2015 for histologically confirmed spinal MPE. Key outcomes included relapse-free survival (RFS), postrecurrence RFS, failure patterns, and influence of timing of RT on recurrenc...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Two holocervical cord intramedullary ependymomas were safely and effectively surgically resected without incurring significant perioperative morbidity. PMID: 31819817 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
ConclusionPLM may be considered a reliable surgical method for IMSCT, as it combines a satisfactory EOR with reduced risk of tissue damage and excellent pain relief.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Rationale: Ependymomas are neuroepithelial tumors that typically occur in the central nervous system. Ependymomas arising in the mediastinum are exceedingly rare, with only approximately 9 isolated cases reported in the literature to date. Patient concerns: A 35-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with complaints of progressive back pain for 3 months. Physical examination revealed decreased breathing sounds and tenderness. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a soft tissue mass with heterogeneous enhancement in the right posterior mediastinum. Diagnoses: The diagnosis of primary mediastinal ependymo...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: IDEM tumours are an important subset of spinal cord compressive lesions Presentation with severe neurological deficit is common and though resection is feasible neurological deficit remains in the vast majority. Earlier detection should improve the results of surgery. PMID: 31392870 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: S Afr J Surg Source Type: research
We present a case of a 46-year-old woman with lower back pain radiating to the right gluteal and posterior femoral regions, without a history of traumatic injury. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracic and lumbar spine showed an intradural, extramedullary, well-circumscribed, contrast-enhancing lesion located in the T12–L1 region, hypo- to isointense on T2-weighted imaging, and isointense on T1. Complete surgical removal of the lesion, measuring 3 × 2.5 × 1 cm, was performed. The histopathologic findings revealed the lesion was an ectopic adrenal cortical adenoma, wit...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
-    CLINICAL PRESENTATION&FINDINGS    57 yr male with h/o low back pain with no h/o trauma presents for MRI lumbar spine which shows – Large relatively well defined , regular, intradural, subtly&heterogeneously enhancing SOL, seen from lower L3 border to middle of body of L5 with compression of cauda equina fibers, displaying mostly soft tissue signals on all sequences / normal meningeal  enhancement, with no significant hemorrhage / fat / cystic / necrosis/ MR demonstrable calcification  components / sugarcoating / scalloping or enlargement of the posterior neural el...
Source: Sumer's Radiology Site - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Neuraxial anesthesia can be performed safely in patients who have previously undergone lumbar resections of intradural ependymomas. However, the anesthesiologist should place the epidural needle/catheter at a nonoperative level (e.g. above/below). Furthermore, epidural local anesthetics and opioids, as in this case, placed at the L5-S1 level below an L1-L3 prior surgical scar, may diffuse intradurally, bypassing the obliterated surgical epidural space and/or attendant scar tissue. PMID: 30488009 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
More News: Back Pain | Brain | Ependymoma | Neurology | Neurosurgery | Pain