Mineral and Bone Disorder in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Case Report from Vietnam

We report a case of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease (CPDD) involving a patient on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). The 32-year-old man presented in August 2016 with a complaint of left shoulder swelling of 8 months' duration with no trauma or fever. He was diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome in 1998, which progressed to ESRD. He commenced MHD in 2012. Examination at our hospital revealed a soft nontender swelling of the left shoulder. Blood biochemistry showed elevated serum urate, phosphate, β2 microglobulin, and parathyroid hormone. Imaging revealed joint effusion and dense heterogenous deposition. Aspirate analysis showed urate crystals 3+, and culture yielded no growth. Following rheumatology review, the working diagnosis was periarticular tissue tuberculosis, after excluding pseudo gout and amyloidosis. Following 1 month of colchicine and allopurinol, synovial fluid microscopy showed CPDD crystals. Symptoms gradually resolved over the course of 6 months. In this rare case, a diagnosis of CPDD was made with a multidisciplinary approach that included imaging and biochemical inve stigations.Blood Purif 2017;44(suppl 1):46-51
Source: Blood Purification - Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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