Dietary Flavonoid Intake Reduces the Risk of Head and Neck but Not Esophageal or Gastric Cancer in US Men and Women Nutritional Epidemiology

Conclusions: Our results indicate that flavonoid intake is associated with lower head and neck cancer risk. These associations suggest a protective effect of dietary flavonoids on head and neck cancer risk, and thus potential as a risk reduction strategy.
Source: Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutritional Epidemiology Research Articles, Research Need: Role of Nutrition in Health Maintenance Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiological figures emerging from this study confirm that trends in Lebanon are in line with a global pattern of decreasing age at menarche. Urban-rural differences suggest that higher caloric content of diet and consequent early overweight, more evident in urban areas, are likely determinants of younger menarche. Evidence from this study calls for an urgent implementation of comprehensive multisectoral obesity prevention in children in Lebanon. PMID: 31519350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue d Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 September 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Saira Shams, Arif Ullah Khan, Qipeng Yuan, Waqas Ahmad, Yun Wei, Zia Ul Haq Khan, Sumaira Shams, Aftab Ahmad, Aziz Ur Rahman, Sadeeq UllahAbstractThe development of eco-benign experimental procedures for the synthesis of nanomaterials is a fundamental developing branch of green nanotechnology. In this paper, green synthetic route was followed to synthesize novel Au@Fe2O3nanocomposite using Citrus sinensis fruit extract as a reducing and stabilizing agent. The as synthesized Au@Fe2O3nanocomposite was s...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Farrah Rajabi, Frances Rohr, Ann Wessel, Leslie Martell, Steven F. Dobrowolski, Per Guldberg, Flemming Güttler, Harvey L. LevyAbstractPhenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism caused by pathogenic variants in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene (PAH). The correlation between genotype and phenotype can be complex and sometimes variable but often very useful for categorizing and predicting dietary tolerance and potential outcome. We reviewed medical records for 367 patients diagnosed wi...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsEndovascular coil fiducial placement for lung SBRT is associated with high procedural success rates and lower rates of clinically relevant complications than transthoracic marker placement.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe clinical model with radiomic features demonstrated improved survival predictive performance than the model without radiomic features, thus suggesting incremental prognostic value of peritumoral radiomics as MR imaging biomarker in pretreatment glioblastoma.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHistogram parameters derived from Kep might be used as surrogate imaging biomarkers for microvessel density parameters in HNSCC. MinimumKep showed the highest correlation with vessel area and Mode Kep with vessel count.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Bangi E Abstract In recent years, there has been growing interest in using Drosophila for drug discovery as it provides a unique opportunity to screen small molecules against complex disease phenotypes in a whole animal setting. Furthermore, gene-compound interaction experiments that combine compound feeding with complex genetic manipulations enable exploration of compound mechanisms of response and resistance to an extent that is difficult to achieve in other experimental models. Here, I discuss how compound screening and testing approaches reported in Drosophila fit into the current cancer drug discovery...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Su TT Abstract Ionizing radiation (IR) is used to treat more than half of human cancer patients. The therapeutic effect of IR is due to its ability to induce apoptosis. Success of radiation therapy relies not only on apoptosis induction but also on whether surviving cancer cells proliferate and regenerate a tumor. Drosophila melanogaster is a premier genetic model and, relevant to radiation biology of cancer, Drosophila larvae display an amazing capacity to regenerate. IR doses that kill more than half of the cells in larval tissues still allow complete regeneration to produce an adult fly of normal size a...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Saavedra P, Perrimon N Abstract In humans, cancer-associated cachexia is a complex syndrome that reduces the overall quality of life and survival of cancer patients, particularly for those undergoing chemotherapy. The most easily observable sign of cachexia is organ wasting, the dramatic loss of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue mass. Estimates suggest that 80% of patients in advanced stages of cancer show signs of the syndrome and about 20% of cancer patients die directly of cachexia. Because there is no treatment or drug available to ameliorate organ wasting induced by cancer, cachexia is a relevant cli...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Singh SR, Aggarwal P, Hou SX Abstract Accumulative studies suggest that a fraction of cells within a tumor, known as cancer stem cells (CSCs) that initiate tumors, show resistance to most of the therapies, and causes tumor recurrence and metastasis. CSCs could be either transformed normal stem cells or reprogrammed differentiated cells. The eventual goal of CSC research is to identify pathways that selectively regulate CSCs and then target these pathways to eradicate CSCs. CSCs and normal stem cells share some common features, such as self-renewal, the production of differentiated progeny, and the expressi...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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