Age Does Not Adversely Influence Outcomes among Patients Older than 60 Years Who Undergo Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant for Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is a successful treatment modality for AML and MDS. Information on transplant outcomes among older patients is limited because of concern of adverse transplant-related mortality (TRM) and poor overall survival (OS).
Source: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research

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Background: Melphalan exposure as measured by area under the curve (AUC) has a 5-fold variability between pts, with higher AUCs associated with improved outcomes but increased toxicity (Shaw BBMT 2012). Evomela ® (propylene glycol free melphalan, PGF-MEL) is an intravenous formulation with improved stability and possibly less toxicity related to the solubilizing agent. We aimed to determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) and relationship between exposure and toxicities with this formulation in order to optimiz e dosing.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion Danazol as first-line therapy is an acceptable treatment option with low side effects for patients with MDS who cannot receive ASCT. Micro-Abstract At present, no standard therapy is available for most patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. In this retrospective study, we analyze data from 42 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome treated with low-dose danazol. More than half achieved a response. Results show that danazol remains an attractive option because of its low cost and good safety profile in centers with reduced access to novel therapeutic alternatives.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Danazol as frontline therapy is an acceptable treatment option with low side effects for patients with MDS that cannot receive ASCT Teaser At present, no standard therapy is available for most patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. In this retrospective study, we analyse data from 42 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome treated with low-dose danazol. More than half achieved a response. Results show that danazol remains an attractive option due to its low cost and good safety profile in centers with reduced access to novel therapeutic alternatives.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion SDF-1/CXCR4 axis plays a crucial role in engraftment; however, more studies are warranted to assess their expression post-transplant. Evaluating the ligand (chemokine, SDF-1) or its receptor (CXCR4) may serve as potential surrogate markers for assessment of engraftment.
Source: Hematology Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The Delphi method was useful for the classification and stratification of risk factors for IFI-FF in patients with onco-haematological diseases. Identifying key risk factors will contribute to a better management of IFI-FF in this group of patients at high or changing risk. PMID: 28198173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
To retrospectively analyze the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) early relapsing after HSCT.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative approach for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Since azacitidine approval for the treatment of high-risk MDS and low-blast count AML, patients experienced reduction of therapy-related complications and satisfactory overall response rate.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion MDS is rare and tends to be more aggressive in the AYA population. Karyotype was the most important prognostic factor. Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation offered younger patients the best outcomes. Micro-Abstract Little is known regarding myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) in the younger population. This retrospective review reviewed the characteristics, outcomes, and response to treatment in the adolescent and young adult (AYA) population compared to an older population. MDS was found to be rare and more aggressive in AYA. Karyotype was the most important prognostic factor. Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation o...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: MDS is rare and tends to be more aggressive in the AYA population. Karyotype was the most important prognostic factor. Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation offered younger patients the best outcomes. PMID: 27521325 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk Source Type: research
Conclusion The development of t-MN in patients with MM is associated with poor outcomes. These patients, in general, have complex cytogenetic abnormalities and short complete remission and OS times. A better understanding of the disease biology and novel therapeutic approaches are warranted. Micro-Abstract During the past decade, the survival of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) has significantly improved. However, the risk of a therapy-related myeloid neoplasm (t-MN) is increased in patients with MM. The outcomes for these patients once they have developed t-MNs are very poor, with survival measured in months. The expl...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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