Radiogenomics: Identification of Genomic Predictors for Radiation Toxicity
The overall goal of radiogenomics is the identification of genomic markers that are predictive for the development of adverse effects resulting from cancer treatment with radiation. The principal rationale for a focus on toxicity in radiogenomics is that for many patients treated with radiation, especially individuals diagnosed with early-stage cancers, the survival rates are high, and therefore a substantial number of people will live for a significant period of time beyond treatment. However, many of these patients could suffer from debilitating complications resulting from radiotherapy.
Authors: Wang X, Wen Y, Xue L, Lu R, Tang H, Gao N, Zhang J, Xue Q PMID: 31961109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Wang P, Xue L, Wang L, Tang H, Lv C, Xue Q PMID: 31961108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Wu G, Ke J, Wang J, Zhu X, Xiong S PMID: 31961113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Anterior-dominant prostate cancer is harder to detect and presents with higher prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels than prostate cancer in other locations, according to a database study.Reuters Health Information
When the patriarch of a Boston-area family was diagnosed with stage 3 pancreatic cancer, the family was told he needed to start treatment immediately.
AbstractGlioblastoma is a devastating tumor affecting the central nervous system with infiltrative capacity, high proliferation rate and chemoresistance. Therefore, it is urgent to find new therapeutic alternatives that improve this prognosis. Herein, we focused on tannic acid (TA) a polyphenol with antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. In this work, the antitumor and antioxidant effects of TA on rat (C6) glioblastoma cells and their cytotoxicity relative to primary astrocyte cultures were evaluated in vitro. Cells were exposed to TA of 6.25 to 75 μM for 24, 48 and/or 72 h. In addition, colony formati...
CONCLUSIONS: in our experience, surgery under ERAS protocols did not have an impact on decreasing global QOL in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgery. The use of ERAS protocols in colorectal surgery achieves a positive influence, not only by decreasing surgical-related complications but also in terms of functional recovery, by decreasing the negative effects of surgery on patient QOL. PMID: 31960699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsXJR played an important role in anti-BC through multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway mechanisms, in which quercetin and ursolic acid may be the key active components. The anticancer effect of multi-component application was better than that of a single component. This study not only deepened our understanding of the role of TCM in the prevention and treatment of diseases, but also provided a reference for the in-depth research, development and application of the ancient medicine.Graphical abstract
Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that SAA inhibited the migration and invasion of NPC cells, accompanied by downregulation of MMP-2 and inactivation of FAK, Src, and ERK pathways. These findings indicate a usefulness of SAA on restraining NPC invasion and metastasis.Graphical abstract
Authors: Gheorghiu ML, Badiu C Abstract Selenium (Se), an important oligoelement, is a component of the antioxidant system. Over the last decade, it has been ever more frequently discussed in the context of thyroid disorders. Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, differentiated thyroid cancer, and even endemic goiter may have common triggers that are activated by excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are involved in various stages of the pathogenesis of thyroid disorders. Most oxidative events occur in mitochondria, organelles that contain enzymes with Se as a cofactor. Mitochondria are responsible for...