Ranking States on Coverage of Cancer-Preventing Vaccines Among Adolescents: The Influence of Imprecision.

CONCLUSIONS: States' ranks of coverage of cancer-preventing vaccines were imprecise, especially for states in the middle of the range; thus, performance rankings presented without measures of imprecision could be overinterpreted. However, ranks can highlight high-performing and low-performing states to target for further research and vaccination promotion programming. PMID: 28854349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

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AbstractThree BODIPY ‐peptide conjugates designed to target the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) at the extracellular domain were synthesized and their specificity for binding to EGFR was investigated. Peptide sequences containing seven amino acids, GLARLLT (2) and KLARLLT (3), and 13 amino acids, GYHWYGYTPQNVI (4), were conjugated to carboxyl BODIPY dye (1) by amide bond formation in up to 73% yields. The BODIPY ‐peptide conjugates and their “parent” peptides were determined to bind to EGFR experimentally using SPR analysis, and were further investigated using computational methods (AUTODOCK). Resul...
Source: Photochemistry and Photobiology - Category: Science Authors: Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Contributors : Samuel Jacques ; Almer M van der Sloot ; Caroline Huard ; Jasmin Coulombe-Huntington ; Sarah Tsao ; Sylvain Tollis ; Thierry Bertomeu ; Elizabeth J Culp ; Daniel Pallant ; Michael A Cook ; Eric Bonneil ; Pierre Thibault ; Gerard D Wright ; Michael TyersSeries Type : OtherOrganism : Homo sapiensSystematic genetic interaction profiles can reveal the mechanism-of-action of bioactivecompounds. The imipridone ONC201, which is currently in cancer clinical trials, has beenascribed a variety of different targets. To investigate the genetic dependencies of imipridoneaction, we screened a genome-wide CRISPR knockout l...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Other Homo sapiens Source Type: research
ConclusionsThough the number of pro-vaccine posts increased, antivaccine posts remained more popular. The government agency may use an emotive personal family-oriented message to promote vaccination.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionCompounds 1, 2, 5, and 6 showed anti-prostate cancer activities using the LNCaP prostate cancer cells with IC50 values of 17.84, 33.26, 54.13, and 81.55 μg/mL, and compounds 3, 4, 8, and 9 exhibited moderate hepatoprotective activities, respectively. A preliminary structure-activity relation was summarized in this paper.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study it was assumed that there was no immunity following resolution of natural infection. The modeling demonstrated that a vaccine of moderate efficacy could have a significant impact on the prevalence of gonorrhea if strategically implemented (23). While encouraging it does, of course, depend on the availability of a vaccine. From Ecological Data to Evidence The epidemiological evidence from Cuba, Brazil, and New Zealand demonstrates that N. meningitidis OMV vaccines are possibly able to provide some broader protection against meningococcal disease (17, 24), particularly in older children and adults (25). These...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that adolescents routinely receive tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap), meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY), and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (1) at age 11-12 years. ACIP also recommends catch-up vaccination with hepatitis B vaccine, measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine, and varicella vaccine for adolescents who are not up to date with childhood vaccinations. ACIP recommends a booster dose of MenACWY at age 16 years (1). In December 2016, ACIP updated HPV vaccine recommendations to include a 2-dose ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Discussion Of the 30 different microbes which can be transmitted by sexual contact, 8 have the greatest incidence of transmitting disease. Four are curable (Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Trichomoniasis) and 4 are incurable at present (Hepatitis B, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Human papillomavirus (HPV)). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are important as they can cause: Increased rates of acquisition of other STIs (ie HSV and syphilis increase the rate of HIV infection acquisition) Pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility Stillbirth and neonatal death Neonatal morbidity i...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Abstract PROBLEM/CONDITION: Overall, the prevalence of illness attributable to vaccine-preventable diseases is greater among adults than among children. Adults are recommended to receive vaccinations based on their age, underlying medical conditions, lifestyle, prior vaccinations, and other considerations. Updated vaccination recommendations from CDC are published annually in the U.S. Adult Immunization Schedule. Despite longstanding recommendations for use of many vaccines, vaccination coverage among U.S. adults is low. PERIOD COVERED: August 2014-June 2015 (for influenza vaccination) and January-December 20...
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research
If there were a vaccine that could protect your 11-year-old son from getting cancer as an adult, you’d make sure he got it, right? As it turns out, this immunization exists, but a majority of young boys are not adequately protected, as journalist Jane Brody noted in The New York Times on Tuesday. The human papillomavirus vaccine ― which protects against HPV-associated cancers including throat and tongue, cervical, vaginal, vulvar, anal, and penile cancers ― is strongly recommended as cancer prevention for 11- and 12-year-old boys and girls by the U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. The bad n...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use, improve diet, increase physical activity, reduce obesity, and expand the use of established screening tests. Monitoring the prevalence of cancer risk factors and screening is important to measure progress and strengthen cancer prevention and early detection efforts. In this review article, we provide recent prevalence estimates for several cancer risk factors, including tobacco, obesity, physical activity, nutrition, ultraviolet radiation exposure as well as human papillomavirus and hepatitis B vaccination cover...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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