Flame retardants linked to infertility in women

(Reuters Health) - Women with high concentrations of common flame retardants in their urine may have a hard time getting pregnant and carrying a baby to term, a recent study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Authors: Levin G, Rottenstreich A Abstract Pituitary disorders, and especially prolactinomas, are not common among pregnant women, though they tend to occur during a woman's years of fertility. The majority of prolactinoma patients present with infertility and menstruation dysfunction; however, prolactinomas are associated with potentially significant morbidity if they remain unrecognized and untreated. Herein, we survey the role of prolactin and prolactinomas in pregnancy while also outlining the therapeutic approach to prolactinoma during pregnancy. The current literature on the impact of dopamine agonists during...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
illa-Vega B Abstract BACKGROUND: Traditional semen parameters have shown little to none predictive value for fertilization and blastocyst viability for a successful pregnancy. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the usefulness of incorporating the acrosome reaction (AR) and chromatin integrity to conventional semen analysis to individually predict the fertile potential of sperm samples. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 69 participants undergoing IVF using oocyte donation. Semen samples were collected and evaluated for: AR [spontaneous (sAR) and induced (iAR)] by flow cytometry...
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: Our objective was to explore whether the pregnancy rate (PR) was higher than usual after hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy). Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study of 1,008 infertility patients, all of whom were examined by HyCoSy. The expected time for spontaneous pregnancy was at least 180 days after the HyCoSy exams. There were three types of HyCoSy results: type I, defined as both fallopian tubes patent; type II, defined as one fallopian tube patent with obstruction in the other; and type III, defined as both fallopian tubes obstructed. During the HyCoSy exam...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2018Source: Reproductive ToxicologyAuthor(s): Jisun Yun, Inha Lee, Young Bin Won, Jae Hoon Lee, Seok Kyo Seo, SiHyun Cho, Young Sik Choi, Byung Seok Lee, Bo Hyon YunAbstractThis retrospective study investigated and compared the incidence of congenital foetal anomalies after letrozole versus clomiphene citrate (CC) administration for infertility treatment. Data from 142 newborns were included: letrozole group, n = 83; CC group, n = 61. Congenital anomalies were found in 7.2% (6/83) patients in the letrozole group and 18.0% (11/61) patients in the CC g...
Source: Reproductive Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
​BY GREGORY TAYLOR, DO, &FRANK SCHELL, DOA 30-year-old woman presented to the ED complaining of pelvic pain. She said she felt an acute onset of sharp lower right pelvic pain during intercourse two days earlier. The pain continued to worsen, becoming diffuse. She was also experiencing nausea, vomiting, malaise, anorexia, and vaginal spotting. She had no history or concern for sexually transmitted disease, and had no fever or vaginal discharge. She had had a previous Cesarean section and bilateral tubal ligation.Her vital signs were a heart rate of 110 bpm, a respiratory rate of 25 bpm, a blood pressure of 113/88 mm H...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Ultrasound in Obstetrics&Gynecology,Volume 52, Issue S1, Page 262-262, October 2018.
Source: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Ultrasound in Obstetrics&Gynecology,Volume 52, Issue S1, Page 173-174, October 2018.
Source: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Letrozole is an aromatase inhibitor with an unapproved use for ovulation induction with infertility. Because of the proximity of this use to conception, we selected letrozole to explore the effect of imperfect estimation in the pregnancy start on misclassification in measurement of first-trimester exposure. Using electronic health data from the United States Sentinel database (2001-2015), we identified live-birth pregnancies conceived through in-vitro fertilization or intrauterine insemination. The pregnancy start was calculated using 1) a validated algorithm to estimate the last menstrual period (LMP), 2...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research
This study investigated the quality and quantity of eggs and embryos as well as the clinical pregnancy outcome in young infertile women with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) after in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed records of 4285 infertile women and divided them into 3 groups according to age and ovarian reserve: young women with normal ovarian reserve (n=1695), young women with DOR (n=1121), and older women with DOR (n=1469). RESULTS In young women with DOR, the proportion of high-quality embryos was significantly higher than in older women...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to assess toxic and nutritional trace element and mineral status in hair of women with IVF pregnancy and their children. Inductively-coupled plasma mass-spectrometry was used to assess hair trace element levels of 50 women with IVF pregnancy and 158 controls with spontaneous pregnancy and their children. Women with IVF pregnancy were characterized by significantly elevated hair As, Hg, Li, K, Na, and reduced Fe, Si, and Zn contents. Children from IVF pregnancy had significantly lower values of hair Cr, Fe, Mg, Sr, and Al content when compared to the control values, whereas hair Hg and...
Source: Reproductive Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
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