Comprehension in proficient readers: The nature of individual variation

This study was conducted to determine which abilities are central to explaining comprehension and which are secondary to other abilities. A battery of psycholinguistic and cognitive tests was administered to community college and university students. Seven constructs were identified: word decoding, working-memory capacity (WMC), general reasoning, verbal fluency, perceptual speed, inhibition, and language experience. Only general reasoning and language experience had direct effects; these two variables accounted for as much variance in comprehension as did the complete set. Direct effects of WMC and decoding were found only when general reasoning and language experience were deleted from the models. The authors question the need to include WMC in our theories of variability in adult reading comprehension and highlight the need to understand precisely how vocabulary facilitates comprehension.
Source: Journal of Memory and Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: This is the first Italian prospective study performed with a large cohort of CKD patients over a 3-year period. Considering the multifactorial burden of diseases associated with CKD patients, the need for greater attention to CKD and related disorders is paramount.Nephron
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Women presenting with simple recurrent UTIs should have a flow rate and post-void residual measured. Cystoscopy is not warranted and imaging is unlikely to be of value in the absence of symptoms of upper tract disease or gynaecological problems.Urol Int
Source: Urologia Internationalis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Laser enucleation for the treatment of recurrent BPO is feasible and seems to be a safe and effective procedure.Urol Int
Source: Urologia Internationalis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Hyperuricemic IgAN patients presented more severe clinical features. Tubulointerstitial injury could be a pathological feature closely related to hyperuricemia in IgAN. Immunosuppressive therapy and RAS blockade could reduce proteinuria and improve renal outcome in IgAN patients with hyperuricemia.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1131 –1140
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: By a genetic approach that limits residual confounding and reverse causation in observational conventional epidemiological studies, TSH and eGFR are not causally associated, which suggests genetically elevated TSH concentrations may not affect the renal function.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1121 –1130
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results show significant effects of L-carnitine supplementation on lipid metabolism. Further clinical trials, as well as experimental research are needed to define the role of lipid metabolism in CKD population. Significant benefits of L-carnitine supplementation in patients with better initial serum albumin levels suggest that this therapy should not be restricted to patients with the worst nutritional and overall status.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1113 –1120
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Head trauma is a leading cause of brain injury in children, and it can have profound lifelong physical, cognitive, and behavioral consequences. Optimal acute care of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) requires rapid stabilization and early neurosur...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Reporting of sports-related concussions (SRCs) has risen dramatically over the last decade, increasing awareness of the need for treatment and prevention of SRCs. To date most prevention studies have focused on equipment and rule changes to sports in order...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority young people have demonstrated higher rates of emotional distress and suicidality in comparison to heterosexual peers. Research to date has not examined trends in these disparities, specifically, whether there have been disparit...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
PURPOSE: Victimization is a common problem for many children but is exacerbated for children with a developmental language disorder (DLD). However, the severity of communication problems does not explain their victimization rates. In children without DLD, ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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