IMAGE QUALITY AND ARTIFACTS ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY: Comparison of Pathologic and Paired Fellow Eyes in 65 Patients With Unilateral Choroidal Melanoma Treated With Plaque Radiotherapy

Purpose: To study image quality and artifacts seen on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Sixty-five consecutive patients with unilateral posterior uveal melanoma treated with plaque radiotherapy had OCTA during follow-up. Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed on both the affected and fellow eye. Signal strength and frequency of image artifacts on en face images were compared between affected and fellow eyes. Results: A total of 130 eyes in 65 patients were analyzed, the mean age at time of OCTA was 55 years (median: 56, range: 12–81 years), and 39 (39/65, 60%) were female. Majority of tumors were located in the choroid (62/65, 95%) and extramacular (55/65, 85%). The mean distance to the foveola was 4 mm (median: 3, range: 0–18 mm) and optic nerve was 4 mm (median: 4, range: 0–16 mm). Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed at a mean 46 months after plaque radiotherapy. Most patients had a history of radiation maculopathy or papillopathy in the treated eye at the time of OCTA (46/65, 71%). Overall, 95 eyes (95/130, 73%) had at least one significant artifact on OCTA. The most common major artifacts were loss of focus (71/130, 55%), broad (>5 pixels width and>4 lines) blink lines (48/130, 37%), motion artifact (34/130, 26%), specular dot (33/130, 25%), and edge duplication (10/130, 8%). Statistically, eyes treated with plaque radiotherapy (affected vs. fellow eye) were more likely to have at least o...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

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le Parrozzani Intraocular tumor diagnosis is based on clinical findings supported by additional imaging tools, such as ultrasound, optical coherence tomography and angiographic techniques, usually without the need for invasive procedures or tissue sampling. Despite improvements in the local treatment of uveal melanoma (UM), the prevention and treatment of the metastatic disease remain unsolved, and nearly 50% of patients develop liver metastasis. The current model suggests that tumor cells have already spread by the time of diagnosis, remaining dormant until there are favorable conditions. Tumor sampling procedures at ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography represents a valid imaging technique to evaluate patients affected by choroidal melanomas. In our series, SS-OCT-A disclosed the intrinsic microvasculature of the tumor in all cases despite their size, location, and history of previous treatments.
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Purpose: To evaluate, in eyes with radiation maculopathy, the effect of 2-month-interval anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy on best-corrected visual acuity and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) enlargement using optical coherence tomography angiography. Methods: Consecutive treatment-naive patients with radiation maculopathy after proton beam irradiation for choroidal melanoma were retrospectively included. Clinical and optical coherence tomography angiography data at baseline and the 6-month visit were recorded. Two independent observers measured FAZ area manually on 3 × 3-mm optical coherence tomo...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Optical coherence tomography angiography can provide useful information for assessing and differentiating between choroidal nevi and small melanomas. Significant differences between these conditions were found for the pattern of reflectivity, and presence/absence of avascular zones and vascular anomalies, which could be helpful for supporting the diagnosis. PMID: 31210061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Eur J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Despite advanced hepatic metastatic spread, favorable survival can be achieved after RE in patients with uveal melanoma. In the view of other evolving treatment options (immunotherapy, chemosaturation) prognostic factors as well as treatment sequence and combination are to be evaluated.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Other Solid Tumors/ Hematologic Malignancies (Clinical) I Source Type: research
We report such a case. A 63-year-old woman with metastatic cutaneous malignant melanoma experienced visual loss in both eyes 10 days after her second nivolumab injection. Her decimal best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.7 in the right eye and 0.4 in the left eye. Examination revealed bilateral granulomatous keratic precipitates and posterior synechiae in the left eye. Optical coherence tomography showed multiple sites of serous retinal detachment (SRD) in the left eye and wavy retinal pigment epithelium in both eyes. Fluorescein angiography revealed multiple pinpoint-sized areas of leakage in both eyes and active leak...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Purpose: Radiation retinopathy remains incompletely characterized and may cause severe vision loss. Ultra–wide-field fluorescein angiography provides a pan-fundus view of vascular alterations caused by radiation treatment and may predict visual and ocular outcomes. We have developed a grading scheme to describe pan-fundus severity and to predict the progression of radiation retinopathy in patients treated for uveal melanoma with iodine-125 brachytherapy. Methods: A retrospective review of patients treated with standard iodine-125 brachytherapy for uveal melanoma at the Ophthalmic Oncology Center at the Universit...
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: Ocular manifestations of ITP are uncommon. Rarely, spontaneous suprachoroidal hemorrhage simulating melanoma can occur. A thorough clinical evaluation with multimodal imaging is critical to establishing the appropriate diagnosis.Ocul Oncol Pathol
Source: Ocular Oncology and Pathology - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Coughing-induced suprachoroidal hemorrhage can simulate melanoma. Clinical and imaging features can assist in diagnosis. The hemorrhage generally resolves within few months.
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Authors: Nürnberg D, Seibel I, Riechardt AI, Brockmann C, Zeitz O, Heufelder J, Joussen AM Abstract Imaging of intraocular tumors is multimodal, multi-purpose, and in continuous development. Therefore, imaging is indispensable for the detection, diagnosis, therapy and monitoring of intraocular tumours. A broad spectrum of imaging procedures is available for diagnostic testing and follow-up. This includes colour image acquisition, infrared imaging, autofluorescence imaging, fluorescence and indocyanine green angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and sonography (US). In this article, the various invest...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research
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