Sickle cell trait knowledge and health literacy in caregivers who receive in ‐person sickle cell trait education

ConclusionOur results suggest that caregivers’ baseline SCT knowledge is low, improves with in‐person education but may decline with time. Caregivers who do not achieve high SCT knowledge after education had lower health literacy and baseline knowledge. Future studies should determine if adapting in‐person education to caregivers’ health literacy and knowledge levels results in high and sustained SCT knowledge among all caregivers and more individuals who know their SCT status. Only 16% of individuals with sickle cell trait know their status. This prospective study of caregivers of infants with sickle cell trait found that caregivers’ baseline sickle cell trait knowledge is low and improves with in‐person education, but low health literacy and baseline sickle cell trait knowledge are associated with poor caregiver sickle cell knowledge achievement. Our study identifies specific areas of the education that are modifiable and could result in higher sickle cell trait knowledge among caregivers.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Basel, November 15, 2019– Novartis announced today that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Adakveo (crizanlizumab), previously known as SEG101, to reduce the frequency of vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs), or pain crises, in adult...
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Authors: Pijnenburg L, Felten R, Javier RM Abstract Avascular necrosis is an ischemic or cytotoxic necrosis of epiphyseal bone, responsible for joint pain, altered life quality and frequently affecting young patients. Avascular necrosis can be unifocal or multifocal, underlining the possibility of a systemic origin. Avascular necrosis involves the femoral head in more than 75% of cases. Although avascular necrosis is irreversible, many risk factors must be sought, including corticosteroid treatment, hypercholesterolemia, sickle cell disease or alcohol abuse. MRI imaging is the main exploration for the diagnostic an...
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Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Adakveo (crizanlizumab-tmca), a treatment to reduce the frequency of vaso-occlusive crisis - a common and painful complication of sickle cell disease that occurs when blood circulation is obstructed by sickled red blood cells - for patients age 16 years and older.
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Healthy red blood cells (RBCs) deform readily in response to shear stress in the circulation, facilitating their efficient passage through capillaries. RBCs also export vasoactive mediators in response to deformation and other physiological and pathological stimuli. Deoxygenation of RBC hemoglobin leads to the export of vasodilator and antiadhesive S-nitrosothiols (SNOs) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in parallel with oxygen transport in the respiratory cycle. Together, these mediated responses to shear stress and oxygen offloading promote the efficient flow of blood cells and in turn optimize oxygen delivery. In disease...
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