An outline of anemia among adolescent girls in Bangladesh: findings from a cross-sectional study

AbstractBackgroundAnemia is a significant wide spread public health threat especially among the adolescent girls who are more vulnerable towards low level of hemoglobin particularly of low and middle income countries (LMICs). We investigated the prevalence of anemia among the adolescent girls (10 –19 years) in Bangladesh and its socio-demographics distribution.MethodsWe collected data digitally in ODK platform from a sub-sample of a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1314 adolescent girls in 2015. Capillary blood hemoglobin level was estimated using HemoCue ®; anthropometric measurements through standardized procedure and details socio-demographic information were captured and analyzed. Malnutrition was defined as BMI-for-age Z-score below -2SD (BAZ 
Source: BMC Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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Abstract Malaria etiologies with pathophysiological similarities to hypertension currently constitute a major subject of research. The malaria-high blood pressure hypothesis is strongly supported by observations of the increasing incidence of hypertension in malaria-endemic, low and middle-income countries (LMICs) with poor socio-economic conditions, particularly in sub-Saharan African countries. Malnutrition and low birth weight with persistent symptomatic malaria presentations in pregnancy correlate strongly with the development of preeclampsia, gestational hypertension and subsequent hypertension in adult life....
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research
Discussion Tachycardia is a rapid heart rate that is above normal for age and level of exertion. Tachycardia is common, particularly sinus tachycardia due to normally encountered circumstances such as pain, fever or exercise. It is usually a normal physiologic process but sustained tachycardia often indicates a potentially abnormal underlying cause. Sinus tachycardia has a rapid heart rate with normal P waves and P-R intervals and variations from moment to moment and respiration. Generally it is not over 200 beats/minute. Vagal stimulation can slow the heart rate; this is a gradual slowing, not an abrupt slowing seen in ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Anemia though is a major risk factor for unfavorable pregnancy outcomes; no previous studies have yet described the hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and anemia prevalence among pregnant women of remote mid weste...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractChorioangioma is a non-trophoblastic  benign vascular tumour of the placenta affecting fetal outcome. It has no malignant potential. It is usually diagnosed during the 2nd trimester. These are usually found on the fetal side of the placenta, close to the umbilical cord insertion site protruding into the amniotic cavity. Chorioangi omas can be small or large. Small tumours (less than 5 cm) usually have favourable outcome. Large chorioangiomas (more than 5 cm) usually have an unfavourable outcome and may cause maternal complications like pre-eclampsia, ...
Source: Journal of Fetal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Earlier GA at diagnosis was associated with an increased risk of aneuploidy and worse pregnancy outcomes, including higher risk of perinatal loss. Fetal therapy was significantly associated with lower perinatal mortality. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32196790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Conditions:   Thalassemia;   Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia Interventions:   Dietary Supplement: Folic acid;   Dietary Supplement: Materna Sponsors:   The University of Hong Kong;   Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion: IVIS was well tolerated and effective in treating moderate anemia in pregnancy. Body iron store was replenished following IVIS administration. There was no increase in oxidative stress following IVIS therapy.
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
We report a case of iron sucrose causing rare reaction with generalized edema in the mother, which was followed by intrauterine death. The oxidative stress due to immune-mediated mechanisms or adjuvant used in iron sucrose could cause mild rashes to severe anaphylactic reactions. This case report warns us toward the use of parenteral iron preparations in pregnant women, as one of the safe formulations could lead to an unusual fatal outcome in the fetus.
Source: Indian Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
era J Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of malnutrition (undernutrition and excess weight) by wealth, education level, ethnicity and urban/rural areas in Mexican children and women of reproductive age. DESIGN: We compared the prevalence of overweight, obesity, wasting/underweight, stunting/short stature and anaemia by socioeconomic and ethnic indicators. For each indicator, we estimated prevalence ratios (PR) adjusted by all other socioeconomic and ethnic indicators. We analysed if results differed by urban/rural areas. SETTING: Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. PARTICIPANTS: Children
Source: Public Health Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Kerschberger B, Schomaker M, Jobanputra K, Kabore SM, Teck R, Mabhena E, Mthethwa-Hleza S, Rusch B, Ciglenecki I, Boulle A Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Treat-All policy - antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation irrespective of CD4 cell criteria - increases access to treatment. Many ART programmes, however, reported increasing attrition and viral failure during treatment expansion, questioning the programmatic feasibility of Treat-All in resource-limited settings. We aimed to describe and compare programmatic outcomes between Treat-All and standard of care (SOC) in the public sectors of Eswatini. METHODS:...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
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