No auditory experience, no tinnitus: Lessons from subjects with congenital- and acquired single-sided deafness.
This study enrolled 20 subjects with congenital SSD and 44 subjects with acquired SSD and examined the presence and characteristics of tinnitus in the groups. None of the 20 subjects with congenital SSD perceived tinnitus on the affected side, whereas 30 of 44 subjects with acquired SSD experienced tinnitus on the affected side. Additionally, there were significant positive correlations between tinnitus characteristics and the audiometric characteristics of the SSD. In accordance with the findings of the recent animal study, tinnitus was absent in subjects with congenital SSD, but relatively frequent in subjects with acquired SSD, which suggests that the development of tinnitus should be preceded by auditory experience. In other words, subjects with profound congenital peripheral deafferentation do not develop auditory phantom percepts because no auditory predictions are available from the Bayesian brain. PMID: 28826043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Following GJB2, STRC was the second most frequently mutated gene in patients from the Czech Republic with hearing loss. To decrease the cost of testing, we recommend STRC deletion screening with MLPA before next-generation sequencing. The existence of a pseudogene and polymorphic STRC regions can lead to false-positive or false-negative results when copy number variation analysis is based on next-generation sequencing data.
Abstract The interrogation is essential to trace the genesis of the tinnitus and to appreciate its repercussion. Clinical examination should look for a local, vascular or cervical cause. The ENT consultation with audiogram and tinnitus evaluation is essential to know the characteristics of the tinnitus and to consider the treatment. If tinnitus is accompanied by a decrease in hearing, then wearing hearing aids can correct deafness and decrease the tinnitus. The psychological impact of tinnitus must always be taken into account and the use of a multidisciplinary team is an interesting solution. Medical treatments a...
CONCLUSION: In our series, QOL is not influenced in patients with unilateral untreated small VS in comparison to Germany's general population. This is helpful information when advising patients during follow-up and finding out the optimal timing of individual treatment. PMID: 29048255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Microsurgery represents the first therapeutic option for small growing VS with SUH. Our data confirm that key-hole RS removal of VS with intraoperative LS-CE-Chirp ABR monitoring allows good rate of SUH preservation, especially maximum diameter does not exceed 2cm. Preoperative tinnitus seems to indicate a lower hearing reserve and predicts a lower likelihood of HP. PMID: 28945052 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Tinnitus is where a person hears sounds within the ear, such as ringing. Pulsatile tinnitus is when the sounds are in time to the beat of their pulse.
Research suggests that selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors - a common class of antidepressants - could lead to the exacerbation of tinnitus.
Jae-Jin Song, Kyungsoo Kim, Woongsang Sunwoo, Griet Mertens, Paul Van de Heyning, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste, Sang-Youp Lee, Kyung-Joon Park, Hongsoo Choi, Ji-Woong Choi
Conclusion: A protocol for the assessment of treatment options and outcomes in recipients with SSD and AHL is presented. The proposed set of minimum outcome measures aims at harmonizing assessment methods across centers and thus at generating a growing body of high-level evidence for those treatment options.Audiol Neurotol 2016;21:391-398
CONCLUSION: CI significantly reduces the subjectively perceived impairment, although the reduction in the subjectively perceived loudness of the tinnitus is not significant. PMID: 28271241 [PubMed]
, Illg A Abstract Treatment with cochlear implants (CIs) in single-sided deaf individuals started less than a decade ago. CIs can successfully reduce incapacitating tinnitus on the deaf ear and allow, so some extent, the restoration of binaural hearing. Until now, systematic evaluations of subjective CI benefit in post-lingually single-sided deaf individuals and analyses of speech intelligibility outcome for the CI in isolation have been lacking. For the prospective part of this study, the Bern Benefit in Single-Sided Deafness Questionnaire (BBSS) was administered to 48 single-sided deaf CI users to evaluate the s...