No auditory experience, no tinnitus: Lessons from subjects with  congenital- and acquired single-sided deafness.

This study enrolled 20 subjects with congenital SSD and 44 subjects with acquired SSD and examined the presence and characteristics of tinnitus in the groups. None of the 20 subjects with congenital SSD perceived tinnitus on the affected side, whereas 30 of 44 subjects with acquired SSD experienced tinnitus on the affected side. Additionally, there were significant positive correlations between tinnitus characteristics and the audiometric characteristics of the SSD. In accordance with the findings of the recent animal study, tinnitus was absent in subjects with congenital SSD, but relatively frequent in subjects with acquired SSD, which suggests that the development of tinnitus should be preceded by auditory experience. In other words, subjects with profound congenital peripheral deafferentation do not develop auditory phantom percepts because no auditory predictions are available from the Bayesian brain. PMID: 28826043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hearing Research - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

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Condition:   Tinnitus, Subjective Intervention:   Device: Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) Sponsors:   Northwestern University;   National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Hempel JM, Simon F, Müller JM Abstract The indications for cochlear implantation (CI) have expanded over the last few years. There is evidence that some adult patients with pre- or perilingual onset of deafness may gain from implantation. Similarly, CI in patients with single-sided deafness may offer significant benefits in terms of quality of life and social as well as academic development. In this setting, directional hearing may be restored and speech comprehension, especially in noise, may be optimized. In patients with intractable tinnitus and profound hearing loss, CI not only improves speech pe...
Source: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Adv Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research
Listening to loud music at a concert can cause ringing in the ears, which is known as tinnitus. Learn how to stop the ringing and prevent it in the future.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hearing / Deafness Source Type: news
Jae-Jin Song, Kyungsoo Kim, Woongsang Sunwoo, Griet Mertens, Paul Van de Heyning, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste, Sang-Youp Lee, Kyung-Joon Park, Hongsoo Choi, Ji-Woong Choi
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: Cochlear implantation in cases of substantial UHL may offer significant improvements in quality of life. Quality of life measures revealed a reduction in perceived tinnitus severity and subjective improvements in speech perception in noise, spatial hearing, and listening effort. While self-report of difficulties were lower for the UHL cohort than the conventional CI and EAS cohorts, subjects in all 3 groups reported an improvement in quality of life with CI use.Audiol Neurotol 2017;22:259-271
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - Category: Audiology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveThe present study was conducted to compare the rates of recovery from idiopathic sudden deafness after the treatment with oral and intratympanic corticosteroids in both mono and combination therapies.Study designTriple-blind randomized clinical trial.SettingsTertiary referral hospital.Subjects and methodsA total of 112 patients who were admitted to the ENT emergency department randomly divided into three groups: an oral corticosteroid plus intratympanic placebo (systemic corticosteroid monotherapy group); an intratympanic corticosteroid plus oral placebo group (IT monotherapy group); and a combination ther...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions: Of the top 100 viewed videos on tinnitus, most were uploaded by consumers, sharing individuals' experiences. Actions are needed to make scientific medical information more prominently available and accessible on YouTube and other social media. PMID: 29457600 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Noise and Health - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Noise Health Source Type: research
Objectives/Hypothesis: We identified the efficacy and appropriate target group for intratympanic steroid injections (ITS) in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Methods: Fifty-five ears treated with concomitant ITS and systemic steroids and 165 ears without ITS treatment were identified. Each case had three controls matched according to the age, sex, and the presence of vertigo. Patients were divided into subgroups according to pure tone audiometric configuration and the levels of initial hearing loss. Hearing results and frequency-related hea...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sensorineural Hearing Loss & Tinnitus Source Type: research
Conclusions: Early inner ear inflammation in MWS primarily affects the high frequencies, beyond the range of standard otologic assessment tools. The HF-PTA is a sensitive tool to detect imminent hearing loss and monitor treatment response.
Source: Pediatric Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Source Type: research
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the prognostic factors for acute-onset tinnitus associated with unilateral idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) and to assess the relationship between these factors and the final recovery. Methods: A total of 770 patients with unilateral ISSNHL were enrolled retrospectively and their medical records reviewed. Patients were classified into two groups according to the presence of acute-onset tinnitus at the initial examination. Patient characteristics and the results of pure-tone audiometry were compared between the two groups initially and 3 months later. Results: A total of ...
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - Category: Audiology Source Type: research
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