Clinical management of nocturnal enuresis
AbstractNocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common health problem. Approximately 10% of 7-year-old children wet the bed regularly during sleep. Enuresis can be categorized into monosymptomatic (MEN) and nonmonosymptomatic (NMEN) forms. MEN occurs without any other symptoms of bladder dysfunction. NMEN is associated with dysfunction of the lower urinary tract with or without daytime incontinence. The rate of comorbid gastrointestinal, behavioral, and emotional disorders is elevated depending upon the subtype of NE. A careful clinical history is fundamental to the evaluation of enuresis. Diagnostic procedures include medical history and psychological screening with questionnaires, bladder and bowel diary, physical examination, urinalysis, ultrasound, and examination of residual urine. The mainstay of treatment is urotherapy with information and psychoeducation about normal lower urinary tract function, the underlying cause of MEN, disturbed bladder dysfunction in the child with NMEN and instructions about therapeutic strategies. Alarm therapy and the use of desmopressin have been shown to be effective in randomized trials. Children with NMEN first need treatment of the underlying daytime functional bladder problem before treatment of nocturnal enuresis. In patients with findings of overactive bladder, besides urotherapy, anticholinergic drugs may be useful.
Conclusion: Ambulatory renal and cardio-vascular follow-up in case of neonatal medical history can be enhanced, with necessity to raise awareness and to edict guidelines available to pediatricians.What is Known:•There is a compelling evidence of long-term renal and cardiovascular consequences of prematurity and low birth weight.•Specific cardiovascular and renal follow-up guidelines, coming from professional organizations, are currently not available for these patients.What is New:•Pediatricians in ambulatory setting do not adapt their renal and cardiovascular follow-up in case of neonatal medical history.&b...
Acceptance of trauma can also help to reduce its damaging effects. → Support PsyBlog for just $5 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
CONCLUSION: The ultrasonography measure of right liver lobe diameter by itself can reliably identify patients with NAFLD with a good sensitivity and specificity, however, this can be improved by adding the LAP mathematical index in our population. PMID: 33031969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: IJC Heart &VasculatureAuthor(s): Dominik Linz, Jeroen Hendriks
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Mateus Meira Vasconcelos, João Paulo Jordão Pontes, Alexandre de Menezes Rodrigues, Demócrito Ribeiro de Brito Neto, Rodrigo Rodrigues Alves, Fernando Cássio do Prado Silva, Denis Fabiano de Souza
This study was designed to examine the effect of TEAS for pain relief in women undergoing transvaginal ultrasound-guided oocyte aspiration. This single-blinded, multicenter, randomized controlled trial was performed in China between May 2013 and May 2015. The subjects were randomized to mock TEAS and TEAS. TEAS or mock TEAS was administered 30 min before oocyte retrieval until the end of the operation. The primary and secondary endpoints were the pain measured using the visual analog scale (VAS) within 1 min and 1 hour after oocyte retrieval, respectively. Serum β-endorphin levels were tested in the firs...
Conclusion: We reported two cases of bladder agenesis, and for the first time, we have performed neobladder creation surgery using the cecum and ascending colon. One-year follow-up did not reveal any complications. PMID: 33029134 [PubMed]
This is another great e-book on breast sonography in e-book format.Covers all major aspects of sonography of breast pathology in an Atlas format.Includes benign and malignant breast masses among others. Download from Amazon's secure site and view in your amazon Kindle app on iphone, android mobile or tab, as well as Kindle reader.https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08HDG9JRL
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Chemical Engineering Research and DesignAuthor(s): Alice Bouchez, Peggy Vauchel, Leandro Galvan D’Alessandro, Krasimir Dimitrov
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Pei Li Fan, Hong Ding, Feng Mao, Ling Li Chen, Yi Dong, Wen Ping Wang