Review of Epidemiological Studies of Drinking-Water Turbidity in Relation to Acute Gastrointestinal Illness

Conclusions: The observed associations suggest a detectable incidence of waterborne AGI from drinking water in the systems and time periods studied. However, some discrepant results indicate that the association may be context specific. Combining turbidity with seasonal and climatic factors, additional water quality measures, and treatment data may enhance predictive modeling in future studies. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1090 Received: 12 September 2016 Revised: 24 February 2017 Accepted: 27 February 2017 Published: 17 August 2017 Address correspondence to A.J. De Roos, Nesbitt Hall, Room 658, 3215 Market St., Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA. Telephone: (267) 359-6090. Email: aderoos@drexel.edu The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP has provided a 508-conformant table of contents summarizing the Supplemental Material for this article (see below) so readers with disabilities may determine wh...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Authors: Wilkie M PMID: 32072874 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: While too soon to observe the longer-term impacts associated with the Cannabis Act, early indications based on data collected in the months surrounding enactment suggests some cautions and also some assurances. Ongoing monitoring will be essential particularly given the 2.0 Act modifications and the ever-changing provincial retail and regulatory landscapes. PMID: 32073644 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Rep Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Parental sedentary behaviour and physical activity may be intervention targets in early childhood. This appears consistent regardless of the sex of the parent or child. Given the small effect sizes observed, additional intervention targets should also be considered. PMID: 32073643 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Larijani B, Foroughi Heravani N, Alavi-Moghadam S, Goodarzi P, Rezaei-Tavirani M, Payab M, Gholami M, Razi F, Arjmand B Abstract Autism spectrum disorders as a group of pediatric neurodevelopmental diseases is a crucial part of the worldwide disabilities which have influence in communication skills, social interactions, and ability to understand the concepts. The precise pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders due to the abundance of involved mechanisms is unknown. Some of these involved mechanisms are related to genetic factors, chronic neuro inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress,...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
AJ Gunn, M.D. graduated magna cum laude from Brigham Young University in Provo, UT, earning a BS in exercise physiology with a minor in sociology. He then returned home to South Dakota to attend medical school at the University of South Dakota. During medical school, he participated in the competitive Howard Hughes Medical Institute – National Institutes of Health Research Scholars Program and was awarded the Donald L. Alcott, M.D. Award for Clinical Promise. He graduated summa cum laude in 2009. He completed his diagnostic radiology residency at the Massachusetts General Hospital of Harvard Medical School in Boston,...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Researchers at the University of Texas Dallas (UTD) are playing with alchemy by transforming a virus into an organic radical contrast agent (ORCA), an alternative to gadolinium-based contrast agents to be used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures. ORCA molecules had been previously considered too dim for scanning and were easily eradicated by vitamin C in the body. UTD researchers found that by connecting the molecules to a  tobacco mosaic virus, a virus that attacks plant cells and disrupts cell activity, they were able to eliminate those issues and make the ORCA an effective agent. Once the ORCA ...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Yale New Haven Hospital is under fire from federal prosecutors for allegations that the prestigious medical center ’sLate Career Practitioner Policy discriminates and humiliates older physicians. This month, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) filed a lawsuit against the hospital accusing them of forcing radiologists to submit to neuropsychological and eye exams in order to keep their staff privileges. Physicians under 70 were not obligated to undergo these evaluations. The EEOC claimed that Yale ’s policy was enacted regardless of suspicions that doctors were experiencing neurological ...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: This report demonstrates that the streamlined, algorithmic approach effectively identified HIV infections in this large cluster-randomized trial. Longitudinal HIV testing (all participants, all visits) and quality control testing provided useful data on the frequency of errors and provided more accurate data for HIV incidence estimates. PMID: 32072743 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Conclusions: The FDLPPPS may be underreported and should be considered in all cases of LPP recalcitrant to treatment. Dermatologists and dermatopathologists should recognize this phenotypic spectrum to guide optimal clinical management consisting of immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory agents along with systemic antimicrobials.
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
Conclusions: Radial head arthroplasty with a monoblock UHMW-PE RHP is safe and effective at short-term follow-up for treating acute unreconstructable radial head fractures with satisfactory functional and radiographic outcomes. Level of Evidence: Level IV.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Special Focus: Trauma Source Type: research
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