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Pediatric Admissions After Dental Care Under General Anesthesia: A Retrospective Study at a Tertiary Care Center

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Clinical Articles Source Type: research

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Summary Peripheral nerve blocks are popular as a mode of anaesthesia for limb surgery and their beneficial effects are well documented in elective surgery. However, concerns have been raised about potential rebound pain outweighing the benefits in acute ankle fracture surgery. Furthermore, pain scores and morphine consumption do not provide a full picture, as pain is subjective. To evaluate the clinical usefulness of peripheral nerve blocks, we explored patients’ expectations and experiences by means of semi‐structured interviews analysed with systematic text condensation. We obtained ethical approval and informed ...
Source: Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
The assessment of gastric emptying and motility in humans and animals typically requires radioactive imaging or invasive measurements. Here, we developed a robust strategy to image and characterize gastric emptying and motility in rats based on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computer-assisted image processing. The animals were trained to naturally consume a gadolinium-labeled dietgel while bypassing any need for oral gavage. Following this test meal, the animals were scanned under low-dose anesthesia for high-resolution T1-weighted MRI in 7 Tesla, visualizing the time-varying distribution of the mea...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
In conclusion, magnesium sulfate as an adjuvant to anesthesia in patients with arterial hypertension reduces hemodynamic changes during anesthesia. PMID: 29046015 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
EFFECT OF INHALATIONAL ANESTHETICS ON ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY. Acta Clin Croat. 2016 09;55(3):464-8 Authors: Bublić MM, Tonković D, Sakan S, Misir A, Pavlović DB Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Total incidence of AKI in hospitalized patients is 1%-5%. As many as 30% of these patients develop AKI in the perioperative period, which is associated with anesthesia and surgery. Despite scientific advances and improved surgery techniques, as well as treatment in intensive care units, no significant decrease in AKI incidence has bee...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (GABAARs) are members of the pentameric ligand-gated ion channel superfamily. Drugs acting as positive allosteric modulators of muscle-type α2βγδ nAChRs, of use in treatment of neuromuscular disorders, have been hard to identify. However, identification of nAChR allosteric modulator binding sites has been facilitated by using drugs developed as photoreactive GABAAR modulators. Recently, R-1-methyl-5-allyl-5-(m-trifluoromethyl-diazirinylphenyl) barbituric acid (R-mTFD-MPAB), an anesthetic and GABAAR potentiator, ...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Neurobiology Source Type: research
Authors: Ling Y, Li X, Yu L, Liang Q, Lin X, Yang X, Wang H, Zhang Y Abstract The association of anesthetic exposure in infants or young children with the long-term impairment of neurologic functions has been reported previously; however, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In order to identify dysregulated gene expression underlying long-term cognitive impairment caused by sevoflurane exposure at the postnatal stage, the present study initially performed behavioral tests on adult Wistar rats, which received 3% sevoflurane at postnatal day 7 (P7) for different time course. Subsequently, transcriptome ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate the analgesic effects of nalbuphine on patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy during the perioperative period, as well as its effects on inflammatory cytokines. We selected 92 patients with early lung cancer who were admitted to Xiangyang No. 1 People's Hospital between January 2016 and December 2016. The patients were randomly divided into control and observation groups (n=46 each). All patients underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy, with those in the observation group receiving intravenous nalbuphine hydrochloride prior to induction (the control group received saline). Intraoperative blo...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Giving pregnant women spinal anesthesia (an epidural) to ease their pain during the late stages of labor and delivery may not prolong the process, a new experiment suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ob/Gyn & Women ' s Health News Source Type: news
“…Anesthesiology assures our readers that we honor and value the responsible conduct of research, and we are constantly vigilant to identify any possible violations of scientific integrity …”
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
“...this report highlights the role that an anesthesiologist can play in leading patient blood management.”
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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